Khajur ka Ped is one of the most rewarding plants that you can grow in your garden. Here are all the details on Growing Date Palm!
Khajur ka Ped in English is popular as Date Palm in India, although, people also call it by different names in different parts of the country. It is easy to grow and offers nutritious fruits, which makes it a must-have in the garden!
Check Out How to Grow Kaju Ka Ped here
Khajur ka Ped Information
Date Palms are vast and beautiful trees belonging to the Arecaceae family and can grow up to 50-80 feet tall and 20-40 feet wide. Their arching, gray-green, and waxy fronds can reach more than 8-10 feet long, forming a crown at the top of the tree.
What makes these Khajur ka Ped popular are their fruits. According to research by the Department of Medical Laboratories, Saudi Arabia, dates act as potent antioxidants, with anti-tumor as well as anti-inflammatory properties, providing a suitable alternative therapy for various diseases cure.
Another study states that khajur ka ped is nutrient-rich, containing dietary fibers, sugar, protein, vitamins, minerals, flavonoids, and phenolic compounds. Due to the presence of phenolic compounds, date palm fruits are antioxidant-rich with potent bioactivities against several bacterial pathogens.
A Research also states that Dates are a good source of fiber and contain many important vitamins and minerals, including significant amounts of calcium, iron, selenium, and are low in sodium. Date fruit also contains a number of phytochemicals such as carotenoids, phenolics, flavonoids, and anthocyanins, which possess antioxidant and antimutagenic, and immune-modulatory properties.
Botanical Name: Phoenix dactylifera
How to Grow Khajur ka Ped?
The best way to grow Khajur ka ped is by using the seeds from the dates. However, do keep the fact in mind that it can be a time-consuming process, so it would be a good idea to get a well-grown plant from a nursery and transplant it into the garden.
Check Out Growing Kadam ka Ped in India here
Requirements to Grow Khajur ka Ped
Native to the dry and arid regions, Khajur ka ped prefers to grow in warm and humid climates. To ensure it grows plenty of fruits, it needs to get bright and direct sunlight for 6-7 hours on a daily basis. Do not grow this tree in a shady spot.
This palm does well in sandy or loamy soils and prefers a slightly acidic to the alkaline growing medium. Though it won’t mind growing in the regular garden soil, amending it with cow dung manure, compost, and coco peat at the time of planting will give it all the boost it needs for good growth.
Khajur ka Ped is drought tolerant, especially once it is mature. Young trees will need more watering than mature trees, so make sure you moisten the growing medium when the topsoil feels a little dry to the touch.
Do not let the soil go dry completely, especially when the plant is young.
Check Out How to Grow Mahua ka Ped in India here
Khajur ka Ped Care
Khajur ka Ped will do just fine without the need for any fertilizer if you have used cow dung manure and coco peat at the time of planting. It would be a good idea to add a handful of manure once a month till the plant grows to about 3-5 feet.
This tree generally does not need pruning beyond removing damaged or diseased fronds. Remove any suckers that begin to grow around the base of the trunk so the tree can put its energy into growing the main trunk.
When the tree begins to bear fruits, thin the unripe bunches to promote better airflow around the ripening fruits and ensure that they don’t rot.
Pests and Diseases
To ensure the plant stays safe from potential diseases, keep it in plenty of sunlight, allow good airflow around the tree and refrain from wetting the foliage while watering.
Check Out How to Grow Jamun ka Ped here
Harvesting Khajur ka Ped
Fruits will begin to ripen in the late summer and not all bunches will mature simultaneously. Once the dates are soft and brown, cut off the set with a sharp knife. You can store them in an airtight container at room temperature for about a month or in the refrigerator for up to six months. They also can be frozen for up to a year.
Eat them raw or use them for making smoothies, jams, cakes, sweets, and more!