The State Fruit of Himachal Pradesh is quite juicy and tasty, which makes it a must-have in your garden! Let’s have a look at the details!
The State Fruit of Himachal Pradesh is quite popular in India, and you must also be aware of it. Here are all the details that will help you to grow it easily!
Check out our article on the State Fruit of Karnataka here
State Fruit of Himachal Pradesh
Apple is the official State Fruit of Himachal Pradesh. The state is also one of the biggest producers of these fruits in India. If you have ever been on a trip there, you must have spotted the orchards of Apple Trees.
According to a report by the Department of Food Science and Institute of Comparative and Environmental Toxicology, New York, Apples are a rich source of phytochemicals and reduce the risk of some cancers, cardiovascular disease, asthma, and diabetes.
Another study claims apples have strong antioxidant activity, inhibit cancer cell proliferation, decrease lipid oxidation, and lower cholesterol.
Botanical Name: Malus domestica
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How to Grow the State Fruit of Himachal Pradesh?
The best way to grow apples is by using seeds. However, it can take a lot of time, so the best bet is to get a well-grown plant from a nursery and transplant it into a pot or directly into the garden.
Check Out State Tree of Punjab and How to Grow It here!
Requirements to Grow the State Fruit of Himachal Pradesh
It is essential to consider the optimum climate for growing apples. These trees cannot do well in harsh climates where the heat is strong. If you live in the Northern areas of India, the trees will do best there.
However, you can also grow them in pots and take care of them by keeping them safe from the intense heat.
The State Fruit of Himachal Pradesh grows best in 3-4 hours of direct sunlight. Anything more than that can stunt the plant’s growth and may also reduce the quality of the fruits. Keep the plant safe from the harsh afternoon sun.
Apple trees need well-draining soil. Amend the garden soil with plenty of cow dung manure, coco peat, and vermicompost at the planting time.
Do not water the plant daily. Moisten the soil only when the top layer feels slightly dry to the touch. You can also go for a drip system that delivers water to the apple plant’s roots appropriately and at the right time, eliminating the chances of overwatering.
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Taking Care of the State Fruit of Himachal Pradesh
Prune the State Fruit of Himachal Pradesh yearly to maintain its size and form. It also reduces the chances of disease by letting in more light and air. Large trees may need more pruning to maintain their structure.
Cut away overly vigorous, upright stems (most common high up in the tree). You can also shorten branches that become too droopy, especially those low in the tree.
Pests and Diseases
Apple maggots, plum curculios, green fruit worms, and codling moths can be a problem. Use insecticidal soap to get rid of them. You can also keep insects away by making a solution of 1 cup of vinegar, 1 cup of sugar, and 1 quart of water. Pour this mixture into a wide-mouthed plastic jug. Hang the jar, uncovered, in your apple tree.
To keep the potential diseases at bay, avoid overwatering and make sure it gets plenty of air circulation.