The health benefits of Anjeer are numerous! So if you are planning to Grow Anjeer at Home, this guide will surely come in handy!
What is Anjeer?
Belonging to the mulberry family, and native to the Middle East and Western Asia, this plant is specially grown for its fruit ‘Fig‘ or ‘Anjeer.’ The fruit is known for its numerous health benefits and has a juicy outer coating that carries crispy seeds inside. It is usually consumed in dried form, as it becomes more nutritious than the fresh ones. Apart from the fruit, it is grown as an ornamental plant in the houses. Let’s see How to Grow Anjeer at Home!
Botanical name: Ficus carica
Other Common names: Common fig, Simaiyatti, Anjura, Nebhaaro, Dumuur, Dimri
Anjeer is known for its nutritious properties and consumed as a dried fruit. You can either eat it directly or use it in different recipes in multitudes of ways, like simmering them up for using it as a topping for desserts. It is the best fruit for weight loss management, as it reduces the sugar curbing. Rich in anti-oxidants, anjeer cures the iron deficiency in the body. It is also helpful in constipation and lowering blood pressure.
If you are thinking about how to grow anjeer at home, there are two ways to do it. You can propagate it through cutting or seeds, both.
Soak fig seeds in lukewarm water for one day before sowing in the soil, as it will increase the chances of germination. Sow these seeds in small pot or tray consisting of a seed-starting mix. When the leaves start emerging from its shoots in 2-3 months, transplant them into a bigger pot, filled with potting mix.
Take a 10-12-inches cutting from the healthy branch of any fig tree. Place it in the container filled with potting soil and bury the lower 4-6 inches of the cuttings into it. Keep it in the sunny spot, preferably a south-facing window, and water regularly. You can transplant it in a bigger pot when it outgrows the old one.
Choosing a Container
Choose a large-sized container for growing Anjeer tree, which can easily accommodate its rootball. You can select a pot that’s 18-20 inches deep and wide. It can be of any material like ceramic or clay. Make sure that the container consists of sufficient drainage holes at the bottom to let the excess water out. Once it outgrows, you can shift it in a bigger pot or the garden.
Requirements for Growing Anjeer
The soil for growing Anjeer should be well-draining and, at the same time, should retain some water for better yield of fruit. You can use organic potting mix or loamy clay soil, rich in compost or well-rotted manure. Moreover, the pH of the soil should be within 6-8.
Anjeer is a sun-loving plant and performs best under plenty of sunlight. So, place them in a bright and sunny spot where they can have full sun exposure for around 6-7 hours. Prefer a south-facing location for keeping the pot.
This tree requires a hot and dry climate to thrive and performs better in the areas with high-temperature summers. The ideal temperature should be around 15-25 C. The quality of fruit can be affected beyond 40 C, or low temperature can cause the splitting of fruits.
Anjeer needs regular watering as the scarcity may lead to water stress, causing yellowing of leaves. Since trees grown in a container dries out quicker, so keep its soil moist but not water clogged. The best way to check watering needs is by poking the finger one and a half inches deep in the topsoil to check. If it feels dry, water it thoroughly until it comes out of the drainage holes.
Tip: Make sure to give your potted tree adequate water when the fruit starts ripening.
To supplement the growth of Anjeer tree and fruit yield, you can fertilize your potted tree with well-rotted compost or manure during early summer. Alternatively, you can also use 5-5-5 dilute, balanced fertilizer.
Anjeer tree in a pot needs very light pruning just to maintain its shape and to allow new growth. You can prune it after the fruit ripens during summers. For a young, potted anjeer tree, remove the sucker coming from the rootstock using a sharp knife. Once it gets mature enough, prune only dead and broken stems.
Although Roots will not ask for much water during this period, but keep watering it and don’t let the topsoil of the pot dry out completely.
Pests and Diseases
Potted Anjeer trees can be attacked by spider mites, whiteflies, or aphids. You can protect it by spraying a jet of water. Spread wood ash at the base to stop ants from climbing the tree. You can use Neem oil spray, but don’t use it if the temperature is too hot, as it can damage the leaves.
No fruits bear in the Anjeer tree, for two years after the planting. It can take three to four years to start yielding fruits. Anjeer tree produces two crops per year, but only one of them is edible. The harvest time is between June and September, but in tropical regions, it can bear fruit throughout the year as well.