Supari Tree not only provides betel nuts, but you can also grow it in your garden as a focal point! Let’s have a look at all the details on growing Betel Tree!
Supari Tree in India may not be a common sight in homes, but it can easily cultivate in the warm climate that we have in the country. Read on to learn how to grow Supari Tree easily!
Check out our article on growing Kadam ka Ped here
Supari Tree Information
The Supari Tree, commonly popular as the betel nut tree or Areca nut, is relished by people along with the betel leaf. The nut also has uses in the preparation of Ayurvedic and traditional medicines. India is the largest producer of Supari Tree and, at the same time largest consumer also!
Botanical Name: Areca catechu
Other names: Betel Nut Palm, Areca Palm, Areca Palm Plant, Areca Nut, Guam, Pohnpei, Chuuk, Yap, Palau, Kuanua, Pala, Lamekot.
Read about Nishigandha Flower Names in Different Languages here!
Growing Supari Tree
You can grow Supari Tree with seeds. However, it can take a lot of time, so we suggest getting a well-grown plant from a nursery. This fruit prefers to grow in tropical and subtropical regions, as it is not cold tolerant. It is similar to the coconut plant and belongs to the palm family.
Here’s all you need to know about How to Grow Kadi Patta Tree
Requirements for Growing Supari Tree
Betel Nut Tree requires a minimum of 4-6 hours of direct sunlight to attain a good height and produce a plentiful harvest. If you plan to grow it in your yard, pick the sunniest spot.
Also, save the young plant from long exposure to the harsh afternoon sun of Indian summers.
Supari trees are not fussy about soil and do well in the regular growth medium. For best growth, use mildly acidic to alkaline soil with a pH range between 5-8. Make sure the growing medium is well draining as these trees hate to stand in overtly moist soil.
Betel Nut Tree needs regular watering when it is young. Water the plant well, when the topsoil feels a little dry to the touch. Once it matures and establishes itself, the tree will take care of its watering requirements on its own.
The tree grows well within the temperature range of 14ºC and 36ºC. Make sure the plant is not exposed to temperatures below 10ºC.
Check out the Best Indoor Plants for Indian Climate here
Supari Tree Care
Fertilizers can help in improving the yield and growth of the Supari Tree. Use a balanced liquid fertilizer when the tree is young, around May-June, then again in September-October. Do not feed the plant in winter.
You can also fertilize the plant more frequently after diluting the feed to 1/4 of its strength.
Pests and Diseases
Avoid overwatering and wetting its foliage to keep the plant safe from diseases.
Supari Tree Harvesting
You can harvest Betel Nut Tree when they take a golden-orange sheen. Pick them from the tree using a sharp knife. It can be an extensive job as the trees are almost 60-80 feet high, and you may need to call professionals to do the harvesting.