Without tomatoes, it is hard to imagine most of the famous Indian cuisines! They come in various varieties, and here are the Best Tomato Seeds in India!
Native to South America, tomatoes are berries that are used as a vegetable in many cuisines around the world. It is a part of many world-famous dishes! Tomatoes are used in the preparations of a variety of soups, salads, and also in the making gravies of various stews, curries. Many industrial products like tomato sauce and chutneys are made from them. Let’s have a look at the Best Tomato Seeds in India!
Botanical Name: Solanum lycopersicum
Common Names: Tamatar, Tamaatar, Golbhenda, Takkali, Khamen asinba
Tomato Farming in India
India is the second-largest producer of tomatoes in the world, after China. The major tomato producing states in the country includes Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Orrisa, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, West Bengal, and Bihar. The good quality tomatoes have a great market in the country as the high-end hotels and restaurants buy them at good prices. Tomato farming can be a beneficial idea for the farmers as it is sure to give you good returns as well!
Best Tomato Seeds in India
Here is a list of some of the best varieties of tomato seeds in India. It is essential to choose a good type of seeds if you wish to cultivate tomatoes commercially. There are many varieties of tomatoes that have been developed by many different institutes. Here are some of the famous and Best Tomato Seeds in India to choose from!
1. Pusa Early Dwarf
A variety developed by Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi. The fruits of this variety are medium-large and have a round structure with a flat base. The early maturing variety of tomatoes with an average yield of 15 tonnes per acre. These are good for table purposes and processing both.
It is a widely cultivated and determinate variety of tomatoes. The fruits of the variety are round, smooth in texture, and have a shiny red color. The seeds of this variety show resistance towards fusarium wilts and verticillium.
Resistant towards verticillium and fusarium, this variety produces round and firm fruits that have a smooth texture. The seeds of this variety produce an early crop with a good cover of foliage.
Another variety, which is an introduction from the Indian Agricultural Research Institute, Delhi. With Round fruits that are medium to large, the seeds of this variety of tomatoes are suitable for farming in the hilly areas.
Semi-determinate variety of tomatoes with a large foliage cover. The seeds produce irregular-round fruit with a dark red color. The fruits of this variety have a good keeping quality and thus are suitable for long-distance transport.
The firm fruits of this variety are square and have a fantastic foliage cover. They are smooth and deep red. The average weight of one 80-100 grams in each.
Single fruit from this variety weighs around 80-100 grams, and have medium size and dark red color. Vaishali seeds are resistant to wilts and fusarium.
A variety developed at the IARI, New Delhi. This variety produces round and smooth fruits that have a good amount of juice in them. The seeds of this variety are suitable for farming in the hilly regions, where the climate is moderate.
How to Propagate Tomatoes From Seeds?
Propagating tomatoes from seeds is not very difficult. You can grow them in small pots or seed trays. Just follow these steps to propagate tomatoes from seeds.
- In the case of commercial cultivation, dry the seeds in the shade after treating them with Trichoderma. You can use 5-10 grams of Trichoderma for one kg of seeds.
- After preparing the seed tray or small pots, plant the seeds and water lightly. Also, mulch.
- Keep the soil moist and make sure not to let it dry until germination. Once they sprout, remove the mulch.
- Irrigate these saplings every week.
- Your seeds are ready for transplantation. Create shallow furrows in your garden or farm and place these seedlings in them, keeping a distance of 8-12 inches between the two.