High in nutrients, fiber, and protein with great taste, here are some of the best Types of Beans in India that you can grow and relish!
Beans are a rich source of soluble fibers, proteins, and other minerals. The dried form of beans is processed as lentil or dal, while the fresh and tender pods are cooked as vegetables. If you are wondering what the best Types of Beans in India that you can grow are, then you are at the right place!
Check out our article on the best types of Cabbage in India here
Types of Beans in India
1. Yardlong Bean
Botanical Name: Vigna unguiculata ssp. sesquipedalis
Other Names: Barbati, Asparagus Beans, Snake Beans, Cholai
The yardlong beans are famous for their edible pods. They are stir-fried with potatoes and spices as a staple and can also be steamed for soups. Whereas mature pods are famous as a lentil.
2. French Beans
Botanical Name: Phaseolus vulgaris
Other Names: Green beans, Common Beans
The velvety and thin pods of french beans carry very tiny seeds. The fresh beans have a lime green shade with a mildly sweet flavor and a semi-starchy texture.
3. Broad or Fava Beans
Botanical Name: Vicia faba
Other Names: Semphalli, Ballor, Bakla
The crisp texture is the specialty of broad beans. Rich in dietary fibers, the round and green beans are relished dried and fresh both. Mostly, the beans are treated as a pulse.
4. Moth Beans
Botanical Name: Vigna aconitifolia
Other Names: Dew Beans, Dew Gram, Moth, Mat, Mat Beans, Matki
Moth beans have yellow-brown pods that shell up to 4-9 seeds. The pods have an elongated shape that comprises nutty-flavored seeds. High in calories and proteins, they are a great snack!
5. Chickpea Beans
Botanical Name: Cicer arietinum
Other Names: Bengal Gram, Chana, Sanaga Pappu, Shimbra
These round beans are high in proteins and one of the most sought after beans as they are famous in Indian delicacies like chana masala and chole bhature. It is one of the most popular Types of Beans in India!
6. Soya Beans
Botanical Name: Glycine max
Other Names: Bhat, Bhatwar, Bhetmas, Ramkurthi
From oil, soya milk, soya flour, to tofu, the soybean is consumed in countless forms. Rich in protein with zero starch, the soybean is a boon for diabetic patients and those who follow a vegetarian diet.
7. Guar / Cluster Beans
Botanical Name: Cyamopsis tetragonoloba
Other Names: Gavar, Gawar, Guvar, Goru Chikkudu, Guar
The cluster bean has a slightly earthy taste and grounded to make a flour known as guar gum. This flour is used as a thickening agent for preparing icecreams, sauces, and other Indian cuisines.
8. Ground / Bambara Beans
Botanical Name: Vigna subterranean
Other Names: Congo Goober, Earth Pea, Ground-Bean, Lobiya, Chawli, Chavli, Bambara Groundnut
The Bambara or lobia beans are chickpea-like, round nutty-flavored beans with an earthy undertone can be consumed fresh, but mostly its mature and dried seeds are boiled to consume as pulses.
9. Mung Beans
Botanical Name: Vigna radiata
Other Names: Green Bean, Moong, Mash Bean, Munggo, Monggo, Green Gram, Golden Gram
When talking about the famous Indian fritter, ‘moong bhajiya‘ made from the moong always tops the list. The ovoid-shaped mung bean is consumed either with skin ‘hare chilke moong daal,’ or without skin ‘peeli moong daal.’
10. Runner Beans
Botanical Name: Phaseolus coccineus
Other Names: Scarlet runner bean, Multiflora bean, Runner Bean, Dutch Runner Bean, Case Knife Bean, Seven Year Bean
Blending the starchy and nutty flavors, the fresh runner beans go well in stir-fry and pair with the rice dishes. Its pods are harvested when they are tender, about 5-6 inches long.
11. Lima Beans
Botanical Name: Phaseolus lunatus
Other Names: Bean butter bean, Sieva bean, Double bean, Madagascar bean
The starchy and light flavored lima beans pair well with a multitude of recipes. They are high in dietary fibers, work as a natural laxative, and keep blood pressure in check.
12. Rice Beans
Botanical Name: Vigna umbellata
Other Names: Red Bean, Climbing Mountain Bean, Mambi Bean, Oriental Bean
The beans are popular as a dry pulse in Indian households and are mostly boiled and relished with rice. Also, the beans are grounded to make flour, which is said to be nutritious for growth.
13. Velvet Beans
Botanical Name: Mucuna pruriens
Other Names: Kiwach, Bengal Velvet Bean, Cowage, Cowitch, Lacuna Bean, Monkey tamarind, Bengal velvet bean, Florida velvet bean, Mauritius velvet bean
Its roasted seeds can be used as a coffee substitute. They are also extensively used in Ayurveda to treat various ailments, including diabetes, diarrhea, tuberculosis, and menstrual disorders.