Read the article to know all about the Types of Berries in India and enjoy these refreshing, juicy little fruits whenever you can!
What are Berries?
Generally, berries are pulpy, sweet little edible fruits that are usually round or oblong, without seeds. They can have a taste that varies from sweet to sour and tart. Although the botanical definition of berries includes a lot of fruit and vegetables that we generally don’t call berries. For example, tomatoes, brinjals, cucumbers, etc. Apart from the common berries that are known worldwide, the following article contains a list of Types of Berries in India!
Botanical Name: Syzygium cumini
Common Names: Java plum, Jam, Phanir, Jambu, Neredu, Negai
Native to the Indian subcontinent, Jamuns are grown throughout the year in tropical and subtropical areas. The purple-colored, oblong fruit comes with sweet juicy flesh and is loved by all, even more by children for the purple color that it leaves in the mouth after eating!
Botanical Name: Morus alba
Common Names: Mulberry, Kambli Chedi, Mucukkattaip Palam, Hippunerale, Tutee, Shetur, Shatut
These colorful berries are native to tropical regions of Asia and very rare fruit in India. Shahtoots taste sweet and are a natural coolant, eaten during summers. These fruits have many health benefits as they help in digestion, cough, and cold, improving eyesight, etc.
Botanical Name: Schleichera oleosa
Common Names: Kusum, Cakota, Posku, Lac tree, Posku
These berries are native to the Indian subcontinent and have yellow colored exotic-looking fruits. Kosams are wild berries that occur mainly in the forests of Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh. Also referred to as Kusum in Hindi, its oil also has many uses in traditional medicine.
Botanical Name: Phyllanthus emblica
Common Names: Nelli, Amalaka, Aonla, Anwla, Amla, Indian gooseberry
Amla is one of the healthiest berries present in India. The fruit not only has a lot of uses in cooking, but it is also used in the making of achar, chutney, murabba, and jams, etc. Apart from that, it is loaded with nutrients and is an important part of the Indian medicinal system.
Botanical Name: Buchanania lanzan
Common Names: Chirounji, Charoli, Piyal, Charu, Prasavakh, Char
The crunchy, almond-flavored seeds are famously added to many desserts in India. Their cultivation takes place in all parts of the country. Its tree produces sweet black little berries under which the charoli seeds are present.
Botanical Name: Lycium barbarum
Common Names: Goji berries, Wolfberries, Murali
You can eat goji berries in both fresh and dried forms. They are slightly sour, just like the raisins. These berries are a rich source of Vitamin C, making them good for eyes and skin. They can also be helpful in weight loss.
Also Read: 12 Best Strawberry Varieties in India
Botanical Name: Grewia asiatica
Common Names: Phulsa, Chadicha, Unnu, Falsa, Phutiki, Shukri, Sherbet berry
The sweet and sour flavor of sherbet berry is what makes it different from others on the list. They are cultivated widely in the warm regions of the country. Famous for its cooling properties, phalsa is often eaten as fresh food and used in making beverages and syrups, etc.
Botanical Name: Cordia dichotoma
Common Names: Indian cherry, Bhokar, Lasora, Bankanakkera, Botgiri, Lamkelaba, Bahubara, Muk, Bohori, Gunda, Nisora, Dela
Lasoda is also one of the most common types of berries in India, found in states like Rajasthan. It is a nutritious, ayurvedic plant with a lot of medicinal uses. The fruit is useful in treating many diseases like cough and cold, skin diseases, diarrhea, fever, and wounds.
Botanical Name: Carissa carandas
Common Names: Karanda, Peddakalavi, Kalakkai, Karvand, Kavali, Hoovu, Chirukila, Sirukilaa, Koromcha.
It is another type of small berry that comes with a tangy-sweet taste and a dark red color. The taste of the fruit gets sweeter as it matures. Karonda grows mostly in the hilly regions of India and used in the preparation achar, chutney, and jams.
10. Zara Berry
Botanical Name: Hypnale zara
Common Name: Bardez Taluka
The color of these berries is purple-black with green seeds. They have their cultivation in and around Goa. Zara Berries, too, has many health benefits and helps to keep a check on diabetes, cholesterol, blood pressure, etc.
Botanical Name: Phyllanthus acidus
Common Names: Star gooseberry, Rajamavali, Gihori, Aranelli, Hariful, Budde Hannu, Nellila
These berries are visible throughout the tropical and subtropical parts of Asia. The tree has small berries of yellow color; hence it also holds ornamental values. Apart from that, it also has some medicinal uses in the treatment of digestive disorders like piles, diarrhea, and urinary concretions.
Botanical Name: Garcinia indica
Common Names: Murgal, Devana Huli, Vrikshamia, Kokamba, Ratamba, Bhiranda, Aamsul, Brinda, Katambi, Aamsol
The tree bears a lot of fruits during the summer season, turning to purple during maturity. In addition to having various industrial and culinary uses, this tree has a huge canopy that serves as a decorative in gardens as well.
Botanical Name: Ziziphus mauritiana
Common Names: Bor, Boroi, Badri, Indian plum
One of the most popular berries in India, children, and adults, both relish the fruit alike. Famous for their tart-like, sweet taste, these fruits can be eaten in fresh and dried forms. They make for an excellent low-calorie snack and have various health benefits.
Botanical Name: Vitis vinifera
Common Names: Angur, Grapes
Angoor or grapes are among the best types of berries in India that do not need an introduction. Grapes, apart from being a famous fruit that is relishable by all, also has multiple industrial uses in making jellies, jams, juices, wines, etc.
Botanical Name: Physalis peruviana
Common Names: Cape Gooseberry, Tipari, Tankasi, Kuntali, Cherry poha, Chirbot, Phopati
This low-fat berry has rich water content, which makes it good for diet food. Loaded with many other nutrients, the fruit has a list of health benefits and improves immunity. The fruit has good fructose content, making it suitable for weight watchers.