Packed with many nutrients, Jamun Fruit Cultivation in India is quite popular, thanks to the benefits it has on offer! Let’s read them in detail!
Java Plum/Jamun Fruit
- Common Names: Jāmuna, Nāval, Jāma, Phanir, Jam, Neredu, Jambu, Rajaman, Jamali, Kala Jamun, Jambolan, Neredupandu, Naga Pazham, Nerale Hannu
The Scientific Name for Jamun is Syzygium cumini and is native to the Indian subcontinent. This is a slow-growing plant that comes with dense foliage, usually grown for decorative purposes. The tree also holds a special place in Indian Mythology, where the Indian continent is named “Jambudweep,” which means the land of Jambu about the Jamun or jambu trees. Jamun Fruit Cultivation in India is quite popular and common. It is also one of the most oxygen producing trees in India.
Jamun Varieties in India
Rie Jamun is one of the dominantly cultivated varieties of Jamun in northern India. The color of fruits goes from dark violet to black blue. These fruits are juicy and have a sweet taste, which comes with a small drupe at the center. Other Jamun varieties like Badama, Bhado, Jethi, Ra -Jamun, Ashada, Kaatha, and hybrid varieties like Konkan Bahadoli, Rajendra Jamun 1, Goma Priyanka, Narendra Jamun 6, CISH J-42, CISH J-37 are also cultivated across the country.
Jamun Cultivation in India
Jamun is one of the most important berries in India, and all age groups relish the sweet-sour flavors of it. The fruit is cultivated throughout the country, and summers make for the best Jamun Season in India. The country is the second-largest producer of Jamun in the world, with Maharashtra and Gangetic plains of Uttar Pradesh as its largest producing states. Followed by other states like Tamil Nadu, Gujrat, Assam, etc.
How to Grow Jamun Tree at Home
Jamun fruit requires well-draining soil, rich in nutrients having a pH range of 6.5 to 7.5. However, loamy soil with a little sand is ideal for the plant. Jamuns are quite hardy and can easily survive the waterlogged and saline condition.
As the trees are native to the Indian Subcontinent, the subtropical and the tropical climate becomes ideal for them. The plants may need a dryer temperature while flowering and fruiting. Early rains can prove beneficial for the growth of the plant.
Plant the trees in a sunny spot, as they need an ample amount of the sun to grow. You can also cover them with a cotton cloth to prevent sun damage in high summer temperature.
Don’t forget to irrigate your plants thoroughly! Jamun plants need a large amount of water to prosper well, especially during the early growth, where they require frequent irrigation. However, you can lessen the frequency of irrigation as the plant grows.
Generally, these plants do not need any manuring. Nonetheless, you may provide the plants with small dozes of rotted cow dung manure (Gobar ki khaad). Doing this will add to the nutrient capacity of the soil.
You can propagate these plants by using the seeds from the fruit itself. After growing seedlings from these seeds, you can easily propagate these saplings to the garden or a pot, wherever you desire. However, it is better to grow these plants from crafted young trees that you can easily buy from a nearby nursery.
Jamun Fruit Benefits
The Jamun fruit can help make your immune system stronger. This happens due to the presence of Vitamin C and antioxidants, which encourage the growth of white blood cells in the body, thus increasing immunity.
Researches also show that the fruit has various antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral properties. The juice of java plum can help fight many disease-causing pathogens due to its tannin content.
The stems barks of the tree are rich in tannins, extracts of which are useful in the treatment of gastric ulcers. Apart from that, the Jamuns fruits are also low-calorie food, which helps in keeping the gut healthy.
Controls Blood Suger levels
Everyday intake of Jamun juice can help in keeping the blood sugar levels in check. As the juice helps in converting the starch into energy, it is often advisable for diabetes patients to have a glass of it after their meals.