If you love Java Plum then here are all the details on How to Grow Jamun ka Ped that will help you to grow it easily in your garden!
Java Plum reminds us of our childhood when we used to relish these juicy fruits. You can easily grow it in your garden by following our guide on How to Grow Jamun ka Ped!
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Jamun ka Ped
Jamun is a popular fruit in India, but its trees are not as common as they used to be. The fruits have juicy flesh outside with a big seed inside. It can reach an impressive height of 50-80 feet in the right growing conditions and cultivates really well in the typical Indian environment.
According to a study by the Department of Botany, Pachaiyappa’s College, Tamil Nadu, India, the plant is rich in compounds containing anthocyanins, glucoside, ellagic acid, isoquercetin, kaemferol, and myrecetin. The seeds are claimed to contain alkaloids, jambosine, and glycoside jambolin or antimellin, which halts the diastatic conversion of starch into sugar.
Another report claims that Java Plum seeds have great potential as a natural antioxidant.
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Propagating Jamun ka Ped
The best way to grow Jamun ka Ped is by seeds in summer. Take the seeds and keep them in water overnight. Plant them in a well-draining potting mix the next day. Water well, and keep the pot where it gets plenty of bright but indirect light. It will germinate in 3-4 weeks.
Growing Jamun ka Ped from seeds can be a time-consuming process; you can also get a well-grown plant from a nursery and plant it in your garden.
Requirements to Grow Jamun ka Ped
Choose a planting location that receives full sun—5-6 hours of direct sunlight at the very least. Avoid choosing a location shaded by buildings or other trees, as it will result in stunted growth with little or no fruiting.
Jamun thrives well under both tropical and subtropical climates. It requires dry weather at the time of flowering. Young plants are susceptible to frost. Early rains are beneficial for better growth, development, and fruit ripening.
Jamun ka ped is not fussy about the soil types, which is why you must have seen its tree growing everywhere. For best growth, add plenty of organic matter, coco peat, vermicompost, and cow dung manure in the soil when planting.
Young Jamun ka Ped requires good watering for better growth. Water when the soil feels a little dry to the touch, and do not let the growing medium dry out completely. You will have to follow this till the plant grows to a height of 5-6 feet, after which it will take care of its watering requirements on its own.
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Jamun Fruit Care
It is advised not to fertilize young Jamun ka Ped, especially if you have used cow dung manure when planting. Once it grows about 1-2 feet, you can feed it once in 5-7 weeks using a balanced liquid fertlizer.
Prune Jamun ka Ped in early summer. This will keep it safe from potential diseases. Do not prune the plant in winter when it goes dormant.
Pests and Diseases
Avoid overwatering, keep the plant in plenty of sunlight and prune it regularly to keep it safe from diseases.
Harvesting Jamun ka Ped
Generally, Jamun fruits start blooming during March and continue up in April in north Indian conditions. These fruits ripen during June – July or with the onset of rain.
To harvest, lay a cotton bedsheet beneath the tree and shake its branches. The ripen fruits will fall and then you can collect them. They taste best when fresh!