9 Most Popular Climbing Vegetable Plants in India

Last Updated: 20.12.2023
Dhruvdeep Singh
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Meet Dhruv, a writer and nature lover from Amritsar, Punjab, who fell in love with gardening during the lockdown. With a B.Tech in Computer Science and over four years of writing experience, he brings a tech-savvy perspective to gardening. Dhruv's articles are a journey into the world of plants, offering exciting adventures for fellow nature enthusiasts.

Wondering which vegetable plants profusely grow on the climbing vines? Check out this exclusive list of Climbing Vegetable Plants in India.

When talking about plants that give a fresh vegetable harvest while adding up to the landscape beauty, climbing vegetable plants top the list. They need vertical support and are trained on fences, pergolas, arbors, stakes, or trellises. Let’s have a look at the Climbing Vegetable Plants for Indian gardens.

Climbing Vegetable Plants in India

1. Tomato

Climbing Vegetable Plants in India

Botanical Name: Solanum lycopersicum

Other Indian Names: Tamatar, Takkali, Tameta, Ruwangum, Ramamulaga, Bilati Baigana

Plumpy and juicy tomatoes are an integral part of Indian cuisine including chutney, soup, and, other sauteed recipes. These tomatoes grow abundantly on the vines with the aid of some support.

You can opt for determinate or bush-type varieties for container gardening, as their compact nature is manageable in pots.

Check Out Some Best Summer Tomato Varieties in India here

2. Cucumber

Botanical Name: Cucumis sativus

Other Indian Names: Kakadi, Vellarikka, Kheera, Sasha, Sitalchinni 

Addition of this hydrating veggie to the salad platter boosts energy level. The vine-type cucumber is trained on trellises or fences, but many gardeners let the vine creep along the ground.

The vine cucumber has rapid vigorous growth and produces bountiful yield during the warmer months.

Learn How to Grow Unlimited Cucumber in Pots here

3. Pumpkin

Climbing Vegetable Plants in India 2

Botanical Name: Cucurbita

Other Indian Names: Kaddu, Purangikkai, Mathanga, Gummadi Kai, Kumbalakai, Kumra, Kala Bhopala, Kakharu  

This staple vegetable rendering a burst of sweet and tangy flavor goes well in stir-fries, halwas, and petha. This vine grows vertically on trellises or other supporting structures.

Though, in the tropical Indian climate, it can be grown year-round. But the period from January to March, and August to December is best suited for planting.

Can You Eat Pumpkin Leaves? Click here.

4. Malabar Spinach


Botanical Name: Basella alba

Other Indian Names: Keerai, Poi, Palang, Velbondi

From stand-alone dishes to salad platters, Malabar spinach plays a starry role in both. As the plant is fond of appreciable warmth, it can grow at any time of the year in the warmer climate of South India.

For other regions, the seeds can be sown in late spring, when the soil is warm.

5. Peas

Climbing Vegetable Plants in India 3

Botanical Name: Pisum sativum

Other Indian Names: Matar, Battani, Pattani, Vatana, Bataneelu, Kara

Peas has no substitute in palatable Indian recipes like matar paneer, matar kachori, and malai methi matar. The vines can climb up to 8 feet tall when trained on a sturdy trellis or stake.

In the absence of proper vertical support, the vegetable may get damaged by flopping on the ground.

6. Nasturtium

Botanical Name: Tropaeolum

Other Indian Names: Jal kumbhi, Indian Cress

Nasturtium flowers and stems add a mild peppery flavor to sandwiches, dips, and spreads. Also, the climber serves as a companion plant for tomatoes keeping the pesky pests at bay, while the flower attracts pollinators in the landscape.

Check out the Best Insect Repellent Plants in India here

7. Chayote

Climbing Vegetable Plants in India 4

Botanical Name: Sechium edule

Other Indian Names: Chocho, katharikkai, Bengaluru vankaaya

Raw chayote is a healthy addition to salads and smoothies. But, it is usually stir-fried, roasted, boiled, or steamed to mellow down its nutty flavor. Harvest it when tender, as the skin firms if left for long.

8. Pole Beans


You can either cook the pole beans fresh when it is tender or dry them for storage as they have 2-3 years of shelf life. Other varieties include cluster beans, fava beans, or french beans. The pole beans can grow up to 15 feet if provided with the right growing condition.

Learn How to Grow Semphalli in India here

9. Gourds

Gourds are low in calories and carbs, fostering weight loss and keeping cholesterol and sugar levels in check. All the varieties including bottle gourd, ridge gourd, spiny gourd, and bitter gourd, grow on the vine with the aid of support.

The ideal seed-sowing time is spring and summer, but, in some regions, it is grown during the outset of the monsoon as well.

Know Different Types of Gourds in India here

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