Wondering which vegetable plants profusely grow on the climbing vines? Check out this exclusive list of Climbing Vegetable Plants in India.
When talking about plants that give a fresh vegetable harvest while adding up to the landscape beauty, climbing vegetable plants top the list. They need vertical support and are trained on fences, pergolas, arbors, stakes, or trellises. Let’s have a look at the Climbing Vegetable Plants for Indian gardens.
Climbing Vegetable Plants in India
Botanical Name: Solanum lycopersicum
Other Indian Names: Tamatar, Takkali, Tameta, Ruwangum, Ramamulaga, Bilati Baigana
You can opt for determinate or bush-type varieties for container gardening, as their compact nature is manageable in pots.
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Botanical Name: Cucumis sativus
Other Indian Names: Kakadi, Vellarikka, Kheera, Sasha, Sitalchinni
Addition of this hydrating veggie to the salad platter boosts energy level. The vine-type cucumber is trained on trellises or fences, but many gardeners let the vine creep along the ground.
The vine cucumber has rapid vigorous growth and produces bountiful yield during the warmer months.
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Botanical Name: Cucurbita
Other Indian Names: Kaddu, Purangikkai, Mathanga, Gummadi Kai, Kumbalakai, Kumra, Kala Bhopala, Kakharu
Though, in the tropical Indian climate, it can be grown year-round. But the period from January to March, and August to December is best suited for planting.
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4. Malabar Spinach
Botanical Name: Basella alba
Other Indian Names: Keerai, Poi, Palang, Velbondi
From stand-alone dishes to salad platters, Malabar spinach plays a starry role in both. As the plant is fond of appreciable warmth, it can grow at any time of the year in the warmer climate of South India.
For other regions, the seeds can be sown in late spring, when the soil is warm.
Botanical Name: Pisum sativum
Other Indian Names: Matar, Battani, Pattani, Vatana, Bataneelu, Kara
Peas has no substitute in palatable Indian recipes like matar paneer, matar kachori, and malai methi matar. The vines can climb up to 8 feet tall when trained on a sturdy trellis or stake.
In the absence of proper vertical support, the vegetable may get damaged by flopping on the ground.
Botanical Name: Tropaeolum
Other Indian Names: Jal kumbhi, Indian Cress
Nasturtium flowers and stems add a mild peppery flavor to sandwiches, dips, and spreads. Also, the climber serves as a companion plant for tomatoes keeping the pesky pests at bay, while the flower attracts pollinators in the landscape.
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Botanical Name: Sechium edule
Other Indian Names: Chocho, katharikkai, Bengaluru vankaaya
Raw chayote is a healthy addition to salads and smoothies. But, it is usually stir-fried, roasted, boiled, or steamed to mellow down its nutty flavor. Harvest it when tender, as the skin firms if left for long.
8. Pole Beans
You can either cook the pole beans fresh when it is tender or dry them for storage as they have 2-3 years of shelf life. Other varieties include cluster beans, fava beans, or french beans. The pole beans can grow up to 15 feet if provided with the right growing condition.
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Gourds are low in calories and carbs, fostering weight loss and keeping cholesterol and sugar levels in check. All the varieties including bottle gourd, ridge gourd, spiny gourd, and bitter gourd, grow on the vine with the aid of support.
The ideal seed-sowing time is spring and summer, but, in some regions, it is grown during the outset of the monsoon as well.