One of the favorite summer fruits in India, the grapes are famous both for their taste and uses in wine. If you always wondered Where Grapes are Grown in India, this article is for you!
Common Indian Names: Angur, Angoor, Tirāṭcai, Drākṣa, Drākṣigaḷu, Muntiri, Āṅgura, Draksh, Agūra.
Angoor or grapes are a kind of sweet berries that come in various colors, for example, red, green, and purple. The grape plants are deciduous and woody vines that grow well in tropical, subtropical, and temperate climates. This fruit is rich in several nutrients and is a favorite of people in India. Wondering where grapes are grown in India? Let’s find out!
Grape Cultivation in India
India is a leading producer of grapes in the world. If you are wondering Where Grapes are Grown in India then the answer is the states like Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Andra Pradesh, Mizoram, Punjab, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu, and Kashmir.
These states are growing grapes for both Indian and international markets. Maharashtra, of all, is the Largest Grape Producing State in India. Nasik district in Maharashtra is also referred to as the grape capital of India. Moreover, India is a significant exporter of grapes; it exports them to countries like the UK, Russia, Netherland, Bangladesh, and Germany, etc.
Requirements for Growing Grapes
- Temperature: The suitable temperature for growing grapes is 25-35°C. The temperatures below or above that may adversely affect the plants’ growth.
- Soil: Although these fruits can grow in a variety of soils; a sandy-loamy soil that has a pH of 8.7 or less is a befitting choice. Moreover, the soil for these plants has to be well-draining and rich in organic matter.
- Sunlight: The plants require at least 6-8 hours of direct and equal sun exposure on all sides.
- Irrigation: Grapes do not grow well in places with high rainfall, whereas they can be a perennial in temperate regions. However, regular watering is required in such areas, especially in summers.
- Fertilizers: Provide regular and proper doses of cow dung manure to your crops from time to time in order to keep them healthy.
Grape Varieties in India
These are some common varieties of grapes that grow in India.
- Thompson seedless: The fruits of this variety has a deep green color. Further, the variety is famous for its sweet flavor and small fruits. It usually grows in Haryana, Punjab, Delhi, Andra Pradesh, etc.
- Anabe-e-shahi: A variety common to states like Andra Pradesh, Karnataka, Punjab, and Haryana; these fruits have an oblong shape and are juicy, sweet in taste.
- Gulabi: These small berries are round and purple in color with seeds. It usually grows in Tamil Nadu.
- Kali Sahebi: However, the states grow it on a small scale; this variety is popular in Maharashtra and Andra Pradesh. It has purple, spherical fruits.
- Banglore Blue: The fruits of this variety are oval in shape and have thick skin. They have a sweet taste and used in the preparation of juices and wines.
How to Grow Grapes in India
You can very easily grow grapes in your home garden or farm. All you have to do is collect the seeds, which you can easily find in a nursery or even from the fruits themselves. After that, plant the seeds in a pot, water and keep them safe from birds and winds and let them germinate for almost 2-3 months.
Post germination, replant these seedlings in your garden or farm. Irrigate your plants thoroughly and provide cow dung fertilizer, whenever required, to enjoy the fresh and organic fruits from your garden.