Best Watermelon Season in India | When to Grow Watermelons

Last Updated: 20.10.2020

We all wait for the Watermelon Season in India to relish the sweet flavors of the fruit. Here’s everything you need to know about this tropical delicacy!

  • Common Names; Tarbooz, Tarbuj, Kadu vrindavana, Eriputccha, Kallangadi Balli, Tormuj, Indrak

Citrullus lanatus, most commonly known as Tarbooz, a fruit originated in South Africa, is much-loved in India. Watermelons are a powerhouse of nutrition. They contain 90% water hence the name. Let’s know about the best Watermelon Season in India.

 Growing Watermelons

Watermelon Season in India

If you are wondering how to grow watermelon in India, we are here to help!

  • Temperature: Watermelons require a warm climate to grow. The temperature ranging between 25-30°C is optimum for the growth of these plants. Moreover, they cannot survive in temperature less than 10°C.
  • Soil: Watermelon can grow in sandy, sandy-loam to medium black or alluvial soil ranging between the pH of 6.0-7.5. Further, the soil needs to be well-drained and rich in organic matter.
  • Sunlight: Keep the plants under a sunny spot, as they require an ample amount of the sun.
  • Irrigation: These plants require watering every week, only water the roots, though. Do not wet any other parts of it as it may lead to the withering of parts or the whole plant.
  • Fertilizer: The amount of fertilizer depends on the quality of the soil, season, and climate. Provide cow dung manure in split doses throughout the growing period.

Watermelon Varieties in India

When to Grow Watermelons

There are many popular Watermelon Varieties in India.

  • Arka Jyoti: Suitable for both north and south India, these plants of this variety bears fruits that are 6-8 kgs in weight. The fruits have red and sweet flesh.
  • Arka Manik: These are oval, with dull green stripes. Their flesh is very sweet and deep red color. Each fruit weighs around 6 kgs.
  • Asahi Yamato: This variety is a Japanese introduction to India. It comes with a deep pink flesh, which is sweet. It comes with dark green stripes.
  • Durgapura Kesar:  A striped variety with each fruit weighing almost 4-5 kgs. Unlike others, these fruits have yellow pulp, which is not very sweet.
  • Durgapura Meetha:  The fruits of this variety are light green with sweet-red flesh. Each fruit weighs around 6-8 kgs.
  • Suger Baby: It is an introduction from the USA. Fruits are round, weigh around 4-6 kgs, and have a skin that has black-green stripes.
  • Pusa Bedana: It is a hybrid variety that is seedless with thick, crisp, and deep green flesh.

Other varieties include Special No.1 and Improved shipper.

Watermelon Season in India

Since the climate of India is mostly tropical and subtropical, the summers make the best Season for Watermelon in India. Watermelons cannot survive in too hot or humid conditions and require at least three dry and sunny months to grow well.

The north Indian states grow them from in February-March, and western states plant them during winters. Whereas, the climate of the southern and central states is suitable for year-round profitable cultivation of watermelons.

Watermelon Producing States

Top watermelon producing states in India includes Uttar Pradesh, Andra Pradesh, Karnataka, West Bengal, Orissa, Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh, Haryana, Telangana, Maharashtra. From which southern states like Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Andra Pradesh cultivate watermelons all year long.

Watermelon Benefits


  • Watermelon contains 90% of water and many vital electrolytes. Therefore, it works as a great hydrating agent. Further, the fruit is full of fibers, which can aid in digestion.
  •  The fruit is rich in various carotenoids; lycopene is one of them. This carotenoid has anti-inflammatory properties. Thus, watermelons can also help treat inflammations.
  • Rich in vitamin C, these fruits can also aid in boosting immunity.  It also contains vitamin B6, which assists the immune system in the production of antibodies and RBCs. Besides, the presence of vitamin A can help prevent infections.
  • Watermelons have a good amount of Vitamin C, A. Both these vitamins prove important in repairing and creating new skin cells. Hence, it can also be helpful in skin health and rejuvenation.
  • This fruit can be useful in weight loss, as well. Owing to its high water content, it can help speed up metabolism, flush toxins out from your body and also make you feel full in a fewer amount of calories.

To conclude, we can say that the fruits make for some amazing energy booster drinks. The refreshing cool flavor helps combat heat and instantly hydrates your body. Overall, watermelons are soul soothers in the hot summers of India.

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