Kikar Ka Ped is a valuable tree in many cultures with its rough bark, thorny branches, and medicinal properties. Here’s How to Grow It.
“The tree is known for its hardy nature and ability to grow in arid and semi-arid regions. Its wood is used for various purposes, including fuel, furniture, and construction. The leaves, bark, and pods of the tree also have medicinal properties and are used in traditional medicine for various ailments. Read more to know about How to Grow Kikar ka Ped easily.
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Kikar ka Ped Information
Kikar ka Ped popular as the “Babul tree” also belongs to the Fabaceae family and is native to Africa, the Middle East, and the Indian subcontinent. It can grow up to 5-20 meters tall, depending on the growing conditions. The bark of this tree is dark brown or gray and has a rough texture. The leaves are compound, with numerous small leaflets arranged in pairs along a central stem.
The leaflets are dark green, oval-shaped, and have a smooth texture. The flowers are small, round, and yellowish-white in color. They are arranged in clusters and bloom from February to April.
Kikar ka Ped has several medicinal properties and is used in traditional medicine for various ailments. The tree’s leaves, bark, and pods treat conditions like diarrhea, dysentery, fever, and skin disorders. This tree has several economic, medicinal, and culinary uses, including fuel, furniture, and construction. Wood is also used to make charcoal and as a source of tannin for the leather industry.
Botanical Name: Acacia nilotica.
Here is some common names of Kikar ka Ped in different Indian Languages
Hindi: कीकर (Kikar)
Sanskrit: बबूल (Babula)
Bengali: বাবল (Babal)
Gujarati: બબૂળ (Babul)
Marathi: बबूळ (Babul)
Tamil: கருவேலம் (Karuvaelam)
Telugu: నల్ల తుమ్మ (Nalla Tumma) or బాబులు (Babulu)
Kannada: ಬಾಭುಳ (Babula)
Malayalam: കാരിവേല (Kaari Vela)
Odia: ବବୁଳ (Babula)
Punjabi: ਕਿਕਰ (Kikar)
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How to Grow Kikar ka Ped in India
You can get some excellent and healthy seeds from the nursery to grow Kikar ka Ped. After that, follow these steps:
- Prepare a pot or seedbed with well-draining soil rich in organic matter. Make sure the pot or seedbed has good drainage to prevent waterlogging.
- Soak them in warm water for 24 hours to soften the hard outer seed coat.
- Sow the seeds in the pot or seedbed at 1-2 cm and cover them lightly with soil. Water the soil well but avoid over-watering, which can cause the seeds to rot.
- Place the pot or seedbed in a warm, sunny location that receives full sunlight for at least 6 hours daily. Kikar ka Ped seeds germinate best at 20-30°C.
- Keep the soil moist but not waterlogged during the germination period. Fertilize the seedlings with a balanced fertilizer after 2-3 months. Once the seedlings emerge, gradually reduce watering frequency and ensure the soil does not dry out completely.
- Once the seedlings are 6-8 months old, they can be transplanted to their permanent location in the ground. Choose a well-drained location that receives full sunlight for the best growth.
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Requirements to Grow Kikar ka Ped
Kikar tree requires full sunlight to grow well and can tolerate partial shade. The tree can grow in various soil types but prefers well-drained soil. Once established, the tree can survive on natural rainfall.
It can also withstand drought conditions, but regular watering is essential during the initial establishment period.
The tree can grow in various soil types but prefers well-drained soil with a pH between 6.5 and 8.0. The soil should also be rich in organic matter and nutrients.
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Kikar ka Ped is drought-tolerant but requires regular watering during the initial establishment period. Once the tree is established, it can survive on natural rainfall.
Kikar tree prefers a warm and dry climate and can tolerate temperatures up to 45°C. The tree can also withstand drought but may need irrigation during the initial establishment period.
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Kikar ka Ped Care
Kikar ka Ped is a hardy tree that can grow well in poor soil conditions, but it can benefit from regular fertilization. A balanced fertilizer containing nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium can be applied yearly, preferably during the growing season.
The amount of fertilizer used will depend on the age and size of the tree.
Pruning is essential for maintaining the shape and health of Kikar tree. Dead, diseased, or damaged branches should be removed immediately to prevent the spread of disease.
Regular pruning can also improve the tree’s structure, promote healthy growth, and increase fruit production. The best time to prune kikar ka ped is during the dormant season, typically in winter.
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Pests and Diseases
Kikar ka Ped is susceptible to several pests and diseases, including stem borers, leaf miners, aphids, and fungi. Regular monitoring and control measures may be necessary to prevent infestations and damage.
Pesticides and fungicides can control pests and diseases, but following the instructions carefully is important to avoid harming the tree or the environment.