Want to grow a visually striking shrub known for its dense, vibrant golden-yellow foliage? Here’s How to grow Golden Duranta.
Golden Duranta is a popular ornamental plant cultivated for its striking golden foliage. Proper care and suitable growing conditions can be a valuable addition to gardens. Here are the features and characteristics of Duranta repens.
Golden Duranta Information
This shrub or small tree typically grows up to 6-15 feet tall, though it can sometimes reach even greater heights under ideal conditions. It has a dense, bushy growth habit with arching branches that give it a cascading effect. The most distinctive feature of Golden Duranta is its vibrant, golden-yellow leaves, which are small, elliptical, and densely packed along the stems.
Golden Duranta produces small, lavender-blue flowers in terminal clusters during the warm months. The flowers are followed by small, spherical, yellow, or orange berries that contain seeds. It’s important to note that Duranta repens berries are toxic if ingested, so keeping the plant out of reach of children and pets is advisable.
Botanical Name: Duranta repens
Common Names: Golden Dewdrop, Pigeon Berry, Skyflower
Here are some common names for the Golden Duranta plant in various Indian languages:
Hindi: सोना दुरंता (Sona Duranta) or बनमला (Banmala)
Tamil: பச்சை மஞ்சள் (Pachai Manjal)
Telugu: పసుపు పచ్చదంప (Pasupu Pachhadhampu)
Kannada: ಬಣವಾಳ (Banavala)
Malayalam: മഞ്ഞ ദുരന്ത (Manja Duranta)
Bengali: সোনামনি (Sonamoni)
Marathi: गोल्डन डुरंता (Golden Duranta)
Gujarati: સોના ડુરાંતા (Sona Duranta)
Punjabi: ਸੋਨਾ ਡੁਰੰਤਾ (Sona Duranta)
Odia: ସନ୍ଦା ଡୁରନ୍ଟ (Sanda Duranta)
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How to Grow Golden Duranta
Growing Golden Duranta from seeds can be a rewarding and relatively straightforward process. Here’s a step-by-step guide to help you get started:
- Obtain Golden Duranta seeds from a reliable source, such as a nursery or seed supplier. Alternatively, you can collect the seeds from mature plants. Allow the berries on the plant to fully ripen and turn yellow or orange.
- Extract the seeds from the berries. Clean the seeds by removing any pulp or flesh attached to them. Rinse the seeds under water to ensure they are thoroughly cleaned.
- Soak the seeds in warm water for 24 hours. This helps to soften the seed coat further and enhance germination rates. Discard any floating or damaged seeds after soaking.
- Fill small pots or seed trays with a well-draining potting mix. Moisten the mixture slightly, ensuring it is not waterlogged. Place the Duranta repens seeds on the soil’s surface, spacing them apart to provide enough room for growth.
- Once the seedlings have developed several sets of true leaves and are large enough to handle, they can be transplanted into individual pots or larger containers. As they grow, consider providing support or staking to help them maintain an upright form.
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Requirements to Grow Golden Duranta
The shrub thrives in full sun to partial shade. It prefers at least 6 hours of direct sunlight daily for optimal growth and vibrant foliage color. However, it can tolerate some shade, though the intensity of the golden foliage may be diminished.
Golden Duranta prefers well-draining soil that retains some moisture but does not become waterlogged. A loamy soil with good organic matter content is ideal.
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Water Duranta repens regularly to keep the soil evenly moist. It prefers consistent moisture but avoids overwatering, which can lead to root rot. Allow the top inch of soil to dry out slightly before watering again.
Golden Duranta is a warm-weather plant and thrives in tropical to subtropical climates. It prefers temperatures between 15-29°C. Protect the plant from extreme hot or cool temperatures.
Golden Duranta Care
Apply a balanced, slow-release fertilizer to Golden Duranta during the growing season (spring and summer) to promote healthy growth and vibrant foliage. Look for a fertilizer with an equal ratio of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K).
Golden Duranta responds well to pruning and can be shaped to maintain its desired size and form. It is best to prune them in late winter or early spring before the onset of new growth. Use clean and sharp pruning tools to make clean cuts and minimize damage.
Pests and Diseases
This shrub is generally considered a relatively pest-resistant plant. However, it can occasionally be affected by common garden pests such as aphids, spider mites, and caterpillars. Regularly inspect the plant for any signs of pests and take appropriate measures to control infestations, such as using insecticidal soap or neem oil.
Golden Duranta is generally not prone to significant diseases if provided with proper care and growing conditions. However, it can be susceptible to root rot if the soil is poorly drained or the plant is overwatered. Ensure the soil has good drainage and avoid excessive watering to prevent root rot.