Grow Kaju Ka Ped in your garden can provide you with plenty of cashews! Here’s all you need to know about growing it easily!
Kaju Ka Ped might not be a common sight in the Indian gardens but that should definitely not stop you from growing one in your yard! Let’s have a look at all the details on growing a Cashew tree.
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Kaju Ka Ped Information
Kaju ka Ped is a native of the Caribbean Islands but is quite a common sight in several other tropical parts of the world, mainly in Africa, India, and Southeast Asia. These trees can grow up to 6-12 meters (20-40 feet) high.
The evergreen foliage of Kaju is oval, leathery, and dark green. The fruit of the Kaju tree is like a bell pepper. The outer yellow, orange, or red part is the false fruit. The natural fruit, more discreet, is a nut at the end, which contains the edible kernel, which we call Cashew.
According to a study, cashews can improve TG levels as well as systolic and diastolic blood pressure.
Botanical Name: Anacardium occidentale
Other names — Maranon, Noix d’anacarde, Caju, Kaju, Mundiri, Kazu, Pajuil, Paringi mavu
How to Grow Kaju ka Ped?
You can grow Kaju ka Ped from seeds, air layering, and grafting. However, all these techniques can be time-consuming and can also be a hit or miss. So, it is better to buy a well-grown plant from a nearby nursery.
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Requirements to Grow Kaju ka Ped
Kaju ka Ped grows best where it gets sunlight for a minimum of 5-6 hours every day. Being native to the tropical regions of the world, these plants hate to stay in the shade.
For the best growth and fruits, make sure it gets plenty of sunlight for the most part of the day.
These plants do well in the soil with a pH of 5-6.5. You can use regular garden soil but to improve the growth, amend it with coco peat, vermicompost, cow dung manure, and a bit of perlite.
These trees are moderately drought tolerant once mature, but they produce more fruits if watered regularly. During summer, water it weekly or twice and deeply.
Overwatering can harm or even kill your cashew tree, so water only when the topsoil goes a little dry.
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Kaju ka Ped Care
Cashew trees will do just fine without fertilizer. However, if you want to boost the number of fruits, it would be a good idea to apply a handful of cow dung manure every month. You can also feed the plant using a balanced liquid fertilizer, diluted to 1/2 of its strength, every month.
Prune cashew trees regularly to remove weak, dead, infested, and entangled branches. Also, cut overcrowded branches to enhance air circulation.
Pests and Diseases
It is generally pest-free if it is in good health. If you spot any pests, use a neem oil solution to get rid of them.
Make sure it gets plenty of sunlight to avoid most of the potential diseases.
Harvesting Kaju ka Ped
Harvest when the cashew turns pink or red. After harvesting, separate the cashew apple from the nut. Unshelled cashew nuts can be stored for up to 2 years.
Do not attempt to break the shell before roasting; the cashew shell contains caustic oil that can burn skin. When processing cashew nuts at home, it is advised to wear gloves and safety glasses.