Bel Patra ka Paudha holds a tremendous religious significance in India, which makes it a must-have in your garden. Here’s how to grow Indian Bael.
Bel Patra ka Paudha in English is popular as Indian Bael although people also call it by various other names in different parts of the country. It is very popular in different religious ceremonies in India and also has plenty of medicinal benefits.
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Bel Patra ka Paudha Information
Every part of the Bel Patra ka Paudha like its leaves, bark, and roots has medicinal properties. Indian Bael is native to India and Southeast Asia. It is a slow-growing tree that reaches up to 40-50 feet in height. Its spiny branches are drooping and are covered with trifoliate, green leaves.
According to a research by the Jessore Science and Technology University, Bangladesh, Bel Patra ka Paudha possesses antidiarrhoeal, antimicrobial, antiviral, radioprotective, anticancer, chemopreventive, antipyretic, ulcer healing, antigenotoxic, diuretic, antifertility and anti-inflammatory properties, which help it to play role in prevention and treatment of many diseases.
Another study states that bael is one of the sacred trees of the Hindus. Leaves are offered in prayers to Shiva and Parvathi since ancient times. Bael is a deciduous sacred tree associated with Gods, having useful medicinal properties, especially as a cooling agent. This tree is popular in Shiva and Vishnu temples and it can be grown in every house. Its leaves are trifoliate symbolizing the Thrimurthies-Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva, with spear-shaped leaflets resembling Thrisoolam the weapon of Lord Shiva. Many legends, stories, and myths are associated with this tree. The leaflets are given to devotees as prasadam in Shiva and Vishnu temples.
Botanical name: Aegle marmelos
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How to Grow Bel Patra ka Paudha?
The best way to propagate Bel Patra ka Paudha is by seeds. However, it can be a time-consuming process so it will be a good idea to get a well-grown plant from a local nursery.
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Requirements to Grow Bel Patra ka Paudha
Bel Patra ka Paudha loves to be in full and direct sunlight. While the plant is young, keep it at a location that gets direct morning sunlight but stays protected from the harsh afternoon light. Once the plant matures and attains a height of 3-4 feet, you can keep it in full sun all day long.
The plant is not fussy when it comes to the growing medium and thrives in different types of soils, such as sandy, stony, or even clay. If you want the best growth, use sandy and well-draining loamy soil. For better fruit yield, the pH of the soil should be within 5-8.
Water the plant only when the topsoil feels a little dry to the touch. Do not moisten the soil daily and also make sure that the growing medium never dries out completely as it will affect the fruiting and growth of the tree.
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Taking Care of Bel Patra ka Paudha
Indian Bael would do just fine without any fertilizer, especially if you have amended the soil with organic matter and vermicompost at the time of planting. To boost growth and fruiting, you can use a handful of cow dung manure every month.
You can maintain its shape by giving it a nice trim every now and then. Remove dead, weak, and broken branches periodically, especially after harvesting fruits.
Pests and Diseases
Another problem that you might face is the attack of the caterpillars as they feed on the leaves. Use a strong jet of water to keep them away.
Avoid overwatering the plant and keep it in plenty of sunlight to ensure the diseases stay away.