If you are looking forward to having a High-Density Guava Cultivation in India, then here’s all the information you need to have a great production!
Cultivated in the tropical and subtropical regions, Guava is the fourth significant crops of India. Due to its increasing demands, the need for High-Density Guava Cultivation in India is on the all-time high. The strategy involves better crop management, the smaller canopy of trees, and planting with closer spacing than recommended to obtain more yield and better fruit quality.
Check out our article on best Guava season in India here
High-Density Guava Cultivation in India
In HDP, the trees are planted with the closer spacings that leads to high-density cultivation. The technique employs growing dwarf trees with small canopies in the short spacings, with regular pruning during the initial growth stage to keep the size dwarf and canopy small. This allows for better air circulation, sunlight penetration, easier harvesting, and pesticide management, enabling greater productivity with low input costs.
Difference Between Conventional and High-density Planting
- In the conventional approach, the production of fruits starts from the second year, while in the HDP, the trees start bearing fruits earlier.
- The dwarf tree size in HDP makes the cultivation quite manageable.
- In HDP, the tree canopies are smaller, hence facilitates better air circulation and sunlight nurturing. While, previously, the large canopies lead to lesser sunlight and poor air penetration.
- The traditional ways used to be labor-intensive and resulted in high production costs. The newer methods involve lower costing with less laboring.
Best Guava Varieties
For High-density Guava production, you can opt for Allahabad Safeda, Sardar, Allahabad Surkha, Shweta, Lucknow-49, Arka Mridula, and Punjab Kiran.
Requirements for High-density Guava Plantation
The planting can be done in any season if the area has an irrigation facility. But, the most suitable months, according to Indian farmers, are from June to September and from February to March.
The spacing of 3 x 1.5 m is considered best over the conventional 6×6 m spacing. Here, 3 m refers to row to row space, whereas 1.5 m is a plant to plant space. Apart from this, 3 x 3 m and 6 x 3 m are also popular.
Pruning of Canopy
The canopy of the trees is pruned regularly to maintain the size and shape during the early stages. After 3-4 months from planting, broken branches are eliminated to stimulate new growth. The pruning takes place every 2-3 months or at different intervals to keep its shape and size dwarf.
Note: Small canopy, dwarf plant size, and planting with minimum spacing are the top requirements of HDP.
Water the trees every second day initially and limit the watering to twice a week rate once they establish. During the rainy season, reduce the watering rate further. Once mature, water the trees between 7-10 days in summer and 20-25 days in winter.
Mulching is an important step to control weed growth while aiding water to penetrate the soil. Straw and dry grass clippings are popular choices.
- The overall yield is maximum in 3.0 x 6.0 m spacing plantation.
- Trees planted with 6.0 x 6.0 m and 3.0 x 6.0 m spacing bear fruits with more sugar content.
- Trees under the spacing of 6.0 x 6.0 and 3.0 x 6.0 m had better sunlight nurturing.