There are various Types of Jasmine Flowers in India, which you can grow! Learn more about all these varieties, their care, and maintenance in this article!
What is Jasmine?
Common Indian Names: Champa, Chameli, Mogra, Juhi, Motia, Jaati, Mallige
Jasmine or Jasminum is a group of vines and shrubs that belong to the Oleaceae family. The word ‘Jasminum’ derives from the Arabic word ‘Yasmin.’ Native to the Himalayas, it mostly grows in tropical and subtropical regions; these flowers are famous for their characteristic smell and beautiful colors, which makes them a great addition to your indoor or outdoor garden. There are more than 200 varieties of Jasmine found all over the world. The article here intends to list the best Types of Jasmine Flowers in India.
Although Jasmine flowers grow throughout India, commercial cultivation takes place in the states of Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Rajasthan, Andra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu.
Types of Jasmine Flowers in India
1. Common Jasmine (Jasminum Officinale)
Also known as Summer jasmine, True Jasmine, or Poet’s Jasmine, these plants are deciduous climbers and also are the widely cultivated variety of Jasmine in India. The flowers are white with five petals and a potent scent. These plants have large flowers in summers and make for a great addition to your garden.
2. Arabian Jasmine (Jasminum sambac)
Native to the eastern Himalayas, these flowers have multiple layers. It is a perennial vine that grows all year round in India. Moreover, these flowers have a sweet smell and beautiful white colors, making them great for the decors of your house. They require a temperate climate to prosper well.
3. Yellow Jasmine (Jasminum Humile)
Another variety that is native to the Himalayas; these plants do well in cold temperatures. The flowers are fragrant, shaped like a funnel, and have a yellow color, hence the name.
Also Read: Homemade Fertilizer for Jasmine Plant
4. Star Jasmine (Trachelospermum jasminoides)
The evergreen plant belongs to the category of false Jasmine, as the flower does not originally belong to the Jasminum family. It is placed in the category due to its resemblance to the jasmine flowers. These evergreen plants are prevalent in Indian households.
5. White Jasmine (Jasminum polyanthum)
It is an evergreen climbing variety of Jasmine. These plants have vigorous growth and usually grow in households for aesthetic purposes. They come with dark green foliage and beautiful red-pink flowers.
6. Cape Jasmine (Gardenia Jasminoides)
Often, a regular choice of many people due to its hardiness, these plants grow well in warm climates and require a lot of maintenance. These flowers have an enchanting fragrance. It is also a false kind of Jasmine.
7. The Night-Blooming Jasmine (Cestrum nocturnum)
Raatraani is grown throughout India, usually as a houseplant. It can easily survive in subtropical climates; however, you can grow them indoors in colder climates as well. The flowers are beautiful and carry a very distinct aroma and blossom at least four times a year and all at once.
8. Wild Jasmine (Jasminum fruticans)
This evergreen plant comes with dark green foliage and yellow flowers with no smell at all and blossom in bunches. Wild Jasmine plants do not require much attention and can survive drought conditions but show slower growth than other Jasmine varieties.
9. Royal Jasmine (Jasminum Grandiflorum)
Ayurveda lists several uses for the leaves of Royal Jasmine as herbal medicine. Widely cultivated for Ornamental purposes, this deciduous shrub usually requires a temperate or subtropical kind of climate. Furthermore, the white flowers are beautiful with a characteristic fragrance.
10. Primrose Jasmine (Jasminum Mesnyi)
This is a vigorously growing variety of Jasmine, controllable with proper pruning. It is an evergreen plant that comes with yellow flowers and dark green foliage. This variety gets bushier every time you prune it and is a favorite of people when it comes to landscaping.
Uses of Jasmine
Jasmines are used for various purposes in India and hold significant importance in Hinduism. Apart from that, the plant has uses in Ayurvedic medicines as well; it is an effective relaxant. Further, it is used in the making of scents and perfumes. Jasmine garlands or Gajra is a favorite hair accessory of Indian women. Health and Skincare brands use Jasmine to prepare herbal tea and essential oil. Both help in reducing stress and promotes healthy well-being.
Check out our Directory to buy jasmine plant from a local nursery.