How to Grow Bahera Plant | Terminalia Bellirica Care

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Last Updated: 19.12.2023

Learn How to Grow Bahera plant with our guide! Explore useful tips and techniques for successfully grow this beautiful Bedda Nut Tree.

Bahera plant 1

One such plant that you may be interested in growing is Bahera plant, a popular fruit tree that is native to India. Known for its numerous health benefits and versatile culinary uses, it is a great addition to any garden. In this blog, we’ll explore some tips and tricks for growing this unique and nutritious Beach Almond tree.

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Bahera Plant Information

Bahera Plant is a medium to large-sized deciduous tree native to South Asia, including India, Nepal, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka. The tree can grow up to 30-40 meters tall and has a straight trunk with a cylindrical shape. The leaves are alternate and clustered near the ends of branches. The tree produces small, yellowish-green flowers that bloom in spring or early summer.

The fruit of the Bahera plant is a drupe that is nearly spherical or ovoid in shape, about 2-3 cm in diameter. The fruit is green when young and turns yellowish-brown or grayish-brown when ripe. Bahera plant is a versatile and valuable tree with both medicinal and commercial uses. It is often found growing in deciduous forests, along riverbanks, and in other moist habitats.

Botanical Name: Terminalia bellirica

Common Names: Beleric Myrobalan, Barro, Bedda Nut Tree, Thani, Thandri, Baheda, Bastard Myrobalan, Bolsuiri, Belliric Myrabolan, Beach Almond, Agong, and Belleric

Here are the common names of Bahera plant in different Indian languages:

Hindi: बहेड़ा (Bahera)
Bengali: বেহেড়া (Beheda)
Assamese: বেহেড়া (Beheda)
Kannada: ಬೆಹೆಡ (Beheda)
Malayalam: താനിക്ക (Thanikka)
Marathi: बेहडा (Behada)
Tamil: தானிக்க (Thanikka)
Telugu: తానిక్క (Thanikka)

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How to Propagate Bahera Plant?

Bahera Plant can be propagated through seeds and cuttings. Here are the steps for propagating this plant:

Propagation from Seeds

  1. Collect ripe Bahera plant fruits from the tree or a reliable source. Ensure the fruits are fully mature and have turned yellowish-brown or grayish-brown.
  2. Remove the outer hard shell of the fruit to expose the seed inside.
  3. Clean the Bahera Plant seeds and soak them in water overnight to soften the hard outer coating.
  4. Prepare a pot or seed tray filled with well-draining soil mixture. You can use a mix of sand, compost, and garden soil.
  5. Sow the seeds in the prepared soil, pressing them lightly into the soil surface. Maintain a spacing of a few inches between each seed.
  6. Water the soil thoroughly after sowing to provide moisture for germination.
  7. Place the pot or tray in a warm and well-lit location, preferably in partial shade.
  8. Keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged during the germination period.
  9. Germination can take several weeks to a few months. Be patient and continue to provide proper care.
  10. Once the Bahera Plant seedlings have grown to a suitable size, they can be transplanted into individual pots or desired outdoor locations.

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Requirements to Grow Bahera plant

Bahera plant 2

Sunlight

Bahera plant thrives in full sun to partial shade conditions. It prefers receiving at least 4-6 hours of direct sunlight daily. However, it can tolerate partial shade, especially in hot and arid regions.

Soil

Bahera plant prefers well-draining soil that is rich in organic matter. It can adapt to a variety of soil types, including loam, sandy loam, and clay loam.

Ensure that the soil has good drainage to prevent waterlogging, which can lead to root rot. A slightly acidic to neutral soil pH range of 6.0 to 7.5 is ideal for Bahera.

Water

Bahera plant is relatively drought-tolerant once established but requires regular watering during its initial stages of growth. Water the plant deeply, allowing the soil to dry out slightly between waterings.

Avoid overwatering, as it can cause root rot. During hot and dry periods, provide supplemental irrigation to keep the soil moist but not waterlogged.

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Temperature

Bahera plant is a hardy tree that can tolerate a wide range of temperatures. It thrives in tropical and subtropical climates. It can tolerate both heat and cold to some extent. The optimal temperature range for Bahera plant growth is between 20-35°C. However, it can withstand temperatures as low as 5°C and as high as 45°C for short durations.

In India, Bahera plant can be grown in various regions with suitable climates. It is commonly found in forested areas and is known for its adaptability. However, it is essential to consider the specific conditions of your region and microclimates for successful planting.


Bahera Plant Care

Fertilizer

During the growing season, young Bahera Plant benefit from regular fertilization using a balanced slow-release fertilizer or organic options like compost or well-rotted manure. This should be applied in early spring before the growing season begins, following the manufacturer’s instructions for dosage.

Pruning

Pruning Bahera Plant is crucial for maintaining their shape, controlling their size, and fostering healthier growth. This should be done during the dormant season, preferably in late winter or early spring. Remove any dead, damaged, or diseased branches, thin out overcrowded areas, and shape the tree as desired.

Pest and Diseases

Monitoring the plant for pests and diseases is important, although Bahera plant is generally resistant to such issues. Regular inspections help detect common pests like aphids or scale insects, which can be treat with appropriate measures like insecticidal soap or neem oil.

Ensuring good air circulation through proper spacing and pruning helps prevent fungal diseases like leaf spots or powdery mildew.

If necessary, use a suitable fungicide according to the specific disease, following the instructions on the label. By implementing these practices and providing regular care, Bahera Plant can thrive and remain healthy, enhancing their growth and fruiting potential.

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Harvesting Behera Plant

Harvesting the Bahera plant involves collecting its fruits, which are known for their medicinal properties. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to harvest this plant:

  1. Firstly, wait for the fruits to turn yellowish-green or light brown, indicating ripeness.
  2. Use gardening gloves and pruning shears to gently detach ripe fruits from the tree.
  3. Avoid harvesting immature or damaged fruits.
  4. Collect the Bahera Plant harvested fruits in a basket or container.
  5. Store them in a cool, dry place for immediate use or dry them completely for long-term storage.
  6. Lastly, practice sustainable harvesting to preserve the plant’s population and ecosystem. Obtain permission for harvesting, if required.

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