How to Grow Alpinia Purpurata | Red Ginger Plant Care

Last Updated: 08.03.2024
Written by
Chandrima, a flower enthusiast and writer at India Gardening with over 5 years of content writing experience. She combines her love for flowers with her background in gardening and literary expertise to create informative content. In addition to her passion for gardening, she's an aspiring traveler and nature lover.

Want to add a pop of color to your garden? Learn How to grow Alpinia Purpurata with our helpful guide. Start growing your own Red Ginger today!

Alpinia Purpurata

In this blog post, we’ll delve into the world of a fascinating plant known as Alpinia Purpurata. Red Ginger is a beautiful and versatile plant with both aesthetic and medicinal value.

Alpinia Purpurata Information

Alpinia Purpurata, also known as Red Ginger Plant or ostrich plume, is a tropical plant native to Southeast Asia. It is widely grown for its vibrant red inflorescences, which resemble torches or cones, and its attractive foliage. The plant can grow up to 10 feet tall and 4 feet wide.

Red Ginger Plant is commonly used as an ornamental plant in gardens, parks, and indoor spaces. Alpinia purpurata is commonly found growing in the coastal regions of southern India, including states like Kerala, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and Andhra Pradesh.

Aside from its aesthetic value, Alpinia purpurata also has medicinal properties. Its rhizomes contain compounds that have anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and antioxidant effects, and are used in traditional medicine to treat various ailments.

Common Name: Red Ginger, Lengkuas, Alpinia, Tepus
Here are some common names for Alpinia purpurata in different Indian languages:

English: Red Ginger, Ostrich Plume
Hindi: लाल अदरक (Laal Adrak), सुनहरी ग्लाडियोलस (Sunehri Gladiolas)
Bengali: লাল আদা (Laal Ada)
Tamil: சிவப்பு இஞ்சி (Sivappu Inji)
Telugu: ఎర్ర ఆరటి (Erra Arati)
Kannada: ಕೆಂಪು ಇಂಜಿ (Kempu Inji)
Malayalam: ചെമ്പരത്തിയുള്ള ഇഞ്ചി (Chemparathiyulla Inji)
Marathi: लाल आलेंडी (Laal Alendi)
Gujarati: લાલ આદરક (Laal Adarak)
Punjabi: ਲਾਲ ਅਦਰਕ (Laal Adrak)

Check out Ginger in Different Indian Languages here

How to Propagate Alpinia purpurata


Alpinia purpurata can be propagated through division or by using rhizome cuttings. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to propagate this plant:

Propagation by Division:

  1. Firstly, select a mature and healthy Alpinia purpurata that you wish to propagate.
  2. Carefully dig around the base of Red Ginger Plant to expose the rhizomes.
  3. Gently separate the rhizomes into smaller sections, ensuring that each section has a good amount of roots attached.
  4. Plant each divided section in a separate pot or directly in the desired location in the garden.
  5. Ensure that the soil is well-draining and rich in organic matter.
  6. Water the newly planted sections thoroughly, keeping the soil consistently moist.
  7. Place the pots or newly planted Alpinia purpurata sections in a warm and shaded area, providing protection from direct sunlight.
  8. Keep the soil consistently moist and provide regular watering as the new sections establish roots and begin to grow.

Propagation by Rhizome Cuttings:

  1. Firstly, select a healthy and mature Alpinia purpurata.
  2. Locate a healthy and plump rhizome near the soil surface.
  3. Using a sharp and clean knife or shears, carefully cut a section of the rhizome.
  4. Ensure that the rhizome cutting has at least one visible bud or growth point.
  5. Prepare a pot or container with well-draining soil mix.
  6. Plant the rhizome cutting horizontally in the pot, with the bud or growth point facing upward.
  7. Cover the rhizome with a thin layer of soil, leaving the bud or growth point exposed.
  8. Water the soil thoroughly and place the pot in a warm and shaded area, away from direct sunlight.
  9. Maintain consistent moisture in the soil, ensuring it doesn’t become waterlogged.
  10. Over time, the Red Ginger Plant rhizome cutting will develop roots and new shoots will emerge from the growth point.

Requirements to Grow Alpinia purpurata

Alpinia Purpurata 2


Alpinia purpurata thrives in partial shade to full sun conditions. While Red Ginger Plant can tolerate some shade, providing it with at least 4-6 hours of direct sunlight daily promotes optimal growth and flowering.


Red Ginger Plant prefers well-draining soil rich in organic matter. A loamy soil mixture with good water retention is ideal. In addition, ensure the soil is slightly acidic to neutral pH (around 6.0 to 7.0) for best results.


Alpinia purpurata requires regular watering to keep the soil consistently moist. Water thoroughly when the top inch of soil feels dry, but avoid overwatering or waterlogged conditions.

It’s important to strike a balance to prevent both underwatering and overwatering.


Alpinia purpurata thrives in the warm tropical and subtropical climates found in various parts of India, especially in coastal regions with high humidity. Red Ginger Plant prefers temperatures between 18°C to 34°C.

Providing the plant with the right temperature and humidity conditions will promote its healthy growth and flowering.

Check out How to Grow Juhi Flower | Jasminum auriculatum Care here

Alpinia purpurata Care



Feed Red Ginger Plant with a balanced slow-release fertilizer during the growing season to promote healthy growth and flowering. In addition, use a fertilizer with a formulation like 10-10-10 or 14-14-14.

Follow the instructions on the fertilizer package for the appropriate application rates.


Pruning is generally not required for Alpinia purpurata. However, you can remove any dead or damaged foliage or spent flower stalks to maintain a neat appearance.

Prune in late winter or early spring before the active growing season.

Pests and Diseases

Alpinia purpurata is relatively pest-resistant. However, Red Ginger Plant can occasionally be susceptible to aphids, spider mites, or mealybugs.

Regularly inspect the plant for signs of pests and treat them with appropriate organic or chemical insecticides. Red Ginger Plant can also face issues like root rot if overwatered or fungal diseases in excessively humid conditions.

Explore 14 Most Beautiful Ornamental Plants in India here

Leave a Comment

Send this to a friend