Brinjals are very popular and much-loved food in India! Here are some of the best Brinjal Varieties In India that you can grow and enjoy!
Solanum melongena is commonly called Brinjal, which is believed to have grown in wilds of southern India for the first time, almost 1500 years ago. Botanically, it is a berry just like tomatoes, but it has been used as the main ingredient in a variety of Indian dishes. Here are some of the best Brinjal Varieties In India, you can grow.
Cultivation and Availability
- Common Indian Names; Baingan, Badnekai, vange, Vankaya, Begun, Vangi, Kattiri, Vaingan, Waangum, Vazhuthananga
The vegetable has a variety of uses in the cuisines of all Indian states. Baingan ka bharta is a Punjabi dish that is much loved throughout the country. India happens to be the second-largest brinjal producing country in the world after China. The commercial cultivation of brinjal takes place in the states of West Bengal, Maharashtra, Bihar.
Usually, a warm-season crop, Baingan, can grow throughout the year in Indian plains. It can grow in almost any kind of soil that is well-draining and fertile. Besides, it requires a continuous supply of water and fertilizer according to soil quality.
Brinjal Varieties In India
- Pusa Purple Long: This type of brinjal is long, glossy, and purple. This variety commonly grows in Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, and Punjab.
- Pusa Purple Cluster: Fruits of this variety are dark purple and shorter than those of Pusa purple large variety.
- Azad Kranti: These fruits are also oblong but thick in shape, with a dark purple and shiny green color. The amount of seeds is lesser in this variety.
- Pusa Purple Round: The fruits are round in shape and weigh approximately 130-140 grams.
- Pusa Hybrid-5: This is a robust variety, which comes with a pigmented dark purple color.
- Arka Keshav: Another long fruit variety with 18-20 cm long and thick fruits. This fruit has a nutritive flesh and fewer seeds.
- Arka Shirish: This is also a long fruit variety. The fruits are very long and light green.
- Pusa Barsati: Developed in Punjab, this variety has an average size of fruits, which are long and purple.
- Arka Kusumkar: This variety again comes with round-shaped fruits that are borne in clusters. These are small in size and come with a light green color.
- Arka Navneet(F1): The oval fruits come with dark purple skin and very few seeds. This variety is hybrid.
- Pusa Uttam: One more variety that comes with oblong fruits that are big and comes with a pigment over the dark purple skin.
- Arka Navneet: This is one of the high yielding varieties of brinjal. Besides, the fruits are dark purple, glossy, and oval.
- Punjab Bahar: Round fruited variety that comes with dark purple fruit. Further, this variety is suitable for cultivation in February and March.
- Arka Nidhi: This is also a high yielding variety that bears fruits in clusters. However, the fruits are greenish-purple in color; they are considered perfect for cooking.
Other Varieties of Brinjal
Manjri Gota, Vaishali, Pusa Kranti, Arka Sheel, Pusa Ankur, Arka Neelkanth, Pant Rituraj, T-3, Dudhia, Swarna Shree, Swarna Mani, Swarna shyamli, Swarna Pratibha, Swarna Shobha, Arka Avnish, Arka Harshitha, Kuchia, Pant Samrat.
Benefits of Brinjal
Although the Indian name of Brinjal– Baingan, literally translates as something without benefits. The fruit is nutrient-rich and has many health advantages.
- Brinjals contain bioflavonoids, which help maintain stress levels and blood pressure.
- It can also aid in weight loss due to its high water content and low-calorie count.
- The fruits are rich in various other nutrients as well, for example, iron, calcium, and potassium that help in keeping your bones healthy.
- Brinjals can help in keeping your gut healthy and improve digestion, as they are a rich source of fibers.
- The high fiber content of brinjals can also help in eliminating the bad cholesterol in the body.