Different Types of Fern Plants | Fern Varieties

Last Updated: 19.10.2023
Dhruvdeep Singh
Written by
Meet Dhruv, a writer and nature lover from Amritsar, Punjab, who fell in love with gardening during the lockdown. With a B.Tech in Computer Science and over four years of writing experience, he brings a tech-savvy perspective to gardening. Dhruv's articles are a journey into the world of plants, offering exciting adventures for fellow nature enthusiasts.

Have a look at some of the best Types of Fern Plants that you can grow both indoors and outdoors to bring a tropical vibe to the place! They are also easy to grow!

Green fronds of ferns look beautiful, especially in hanging baskets. If you are someone new to gardening, this can be a great choice to start. Here are the best Types of Fern Plants you can grow!

Check out different types of Aquatic plants in India here

Types of Fern Plants

1. Boston Fern

Types of Fern Plants

Botanical Name: Nephrolepis exaltata

One of the most common houseplants, this fern features triangular leaves in a deep green shade. The arching fronds of Boston fern make it a gorgeous addition to the hanging baskets.

2. Maidenhair Fern

Botanical Name: Adiantum

It has palm-like fronds and wiry stems with delicate leaflets that make up for a beautiful appearance. The plant is quite hardy and easy to maintain.

3. Ostrich Fern

Types of Fern Plants 2
Botanical Name: Matteuccia struthiopteris

Its leaves are reminiscent of the large feathers of the Ostrich. The sterile frond has bright green leaves that can grow about 3-5 feet tall in height. It is one of the best Types of Fern Plants you can grow!

4. Japanese Painted Fern

Botanical Name: Athyrium niponicum

This hardy fern features a slowly spreading clump of fronds. The triangular leaves are silver-green with maroon midribs. This low-growing fern grows only up to 16-20 inches and can withstand extremely low temperatures.

5. Staghorn Fern

Types of Fern Plants 3

Botanical Name: Platycerium

Native to tropical regions, this fern displays antler-shaped leaves in a glossy, bright green shade. The foliage is covered with tiny white hair that helps in absorbing moisture.

6. Holly Fern

Botanical Name: Cyrtomium falcatum

Each frond of holly fern contains up to 10-14 leaves on each side of the stem. Two to three-foot-tall clumps of deep green leathery leaves look awesome in pots.

7. Man Fern

Types of Fern Plants 4

Botanical Name: Dicksonia antarctica

In the forest, it can grow up to 40 feet tall, but with the right care and pruning, you can keep it manageable for homes in pots.

8. Bird Nest Fern

Botanical Name: Asplenium nidus

Also known as crispy wave fern, the center of this fern resembles the nest of the bird. Surprisingly, you can make it have crinkled foliage by exposing it to the direct sunlight for 2-4 hours a day. It is one of the best Types of Fern Plants you can grow!

9. Asparagus Fern

Types of Fern Plants 5

Botanical Name: Asparagus aethiopicus

Asparagus fern features needle-like leaves that appear soft and fuzzy – be cautious as they have prickly spurs. The plant does best in bright, indirect light.

10. Cinnamon Fern

Botanical Name: Osmundastrum cinnamomeum

This fern can grow up to 3-5 feet tall. Its fronds are wide at the base and tapered to the end that gives them a triangular look.

11. Blue Star Fern

Types of Fern Plants 6

Botanical Name: Phlebodium aureum

This fern features star-like fronds with blue-green leaves. The plant responds well to the low lights and does well in humidity.

12. Cretan Brake Fern


Botanical Name: Pteris cretica

Cretan brake fern has slim green leaves with serrated margins having stunning cream shade in the middle. For the best color, keep it where it can get 2-3 hours of sunlight each day. It is one of the best Types of Fern Plants you can grow!

13. Button Fern

Types of Fern Plants 7

Botanical Name: Pellaea rotundifolia

This fern plant features wiry stems covered in deep green, rounded leaves that appear like a string of buttons. The slender stems get a red hue with a maturity that makes it look more appealing.

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