Everything About Growing Sundari Trees | Heritiera fomes Care

Last Updated: 11.03.2024

 Sundari Trees not only look good but they also have a main role in ecological importance. Here are all the details!

Sundari Trees

The Sundari Tree is a large and majestic evergreen tree native to the Indian subcontinent and other parts of Southeast Asia. It is primarily found in the mangrove forests of coastal regions and estuaries. The Sundari tree in India holds tremendous ecological significance and possesses amazing features and characteristics.

Sundari Trees Information

Sundari Trees are known for their impressive size, often reaching 20 to 30 meters or more. They have a straight, cylindrical trunk with a grayish-brown bark that is rough and fissured. The leaves of the Sundari Tree are leathery and oval-shaped, measuring around 10 to 20 centimeters in length.

The tree bears large, spherical fruits about 5 to 7 centimeters in diameter. The fruit has a rough, woody exterior with several ridges and a single seed. When mature, the fruit falls into the water, allowing the seed to disperse and germinate in suitable areas.

Botanical Name: Heritiera fomes

How to Grow Sundari Trees in India?

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Growing Sundari trees in India from seeds can be a rewarding process. Here’s a step-by-step guide:

  • Obtain Sundari Tree seeds from a reliable source or collect them from mature fruits that have fallen naturally. Ensure the fruits are healthy, fully matured, and free from any signs of damage or disease.
  • Clean the seeds by removing any pulp or debris. Soak the seeds in water for 24 hours to soften the seed coat and improve germination rates.
  • Plant the seeds in a well draining potting mix. Water well and make sure to place the pot where it gets 3-4 hours of bright sun.
  • With proper care, Sundari Tree seeds usually germinate within 2 to 4 weeks, though it may vary. Once the seedlings emerge, provide adequate ventilation to prevent damping-off diseases.
  • When the Sundari Tree seedlings have developed a few sets of true leaves and are sturdy enough to handle, they can be transplanted into individual containers or larger pots.

Requirements to Grow Sundari Trees in India

Sundari Trees 2


Heritiera fomes thrives in full sun exposure. It requires direct sunlight for a significant part of the day to support its growth and development. Ensure that Sundari Tree is planted in an open area with minimal shade.


Sundari Tree prefers well-draining, sandy or loamy soil with a high organic content. The soil should have good water retention capacity, as mangroves are typically found in coastal regions with fluctuating water levels.

It is important to avoid waterlogged or compacted soil, as it can hinder root development.


Heritiera fomes is adapted to grow in brackish or saline water environments. It can tolerate periodic flooding and saltwater immersion. If growing Sundari Tree outside its natural habitat, it is important to provide regular watering to maintain moist soil conditions.

However, avoid overwatering, as excessive moisture can lead to root rot.

Temperature Range

Sundari Tree thrives in tropical and subtropical climates. Heritiera fomes prefers temperatures ranging between 20°C to 35°C (68°F to 95°F). It is sensitive to cold temperatures and cannot tolerate frost.

Sundari Tree Care


Sundari Trees generally do not require regular fertilization if grown in their natural habitat. However, if growing them outside their native range or in less fertile soils, you can apply a balanced fertlizer, 3-4 times a year.

Follow the instructions on the fertilizer package for the appropriate dosage and frequency.


Pruning is only typically necessary to shape or control their growth. If required, prune Heritiera fomes during the dormant season to remove dead, damaged, or diseased branches.

Use clean and sharp pruning tools to make clean cuts and minimize the risk of infection.

Pests and Diseases

Sundari Trees are relatively resistant to pests and diseases. However, Heritiera fomes occasionally face challenges from certain pests.

Common pests and diseases associated with Sundari trees include bacterial infections, fungal infections, mangrove borer, or salt stress.

It’s important to consult local forestry experts or horticulturists for specific guidance on pests, diseases, and suitable cultural practices for growing Sundari Trees in your particular region in India.

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