12 Spring Season Vegetables in India to Grow!

Last Updated: 19.10.2023
Dhruvdeep Singh
Written by
Meet Dhruv, a writer and nature lover from Amritsar, Punjab, who fell in love with gardening during the lockdown. With a B.Tech in Computer Science and over four years of writing experience, he brings a tech-savvy perspective to gardening. Dhruv's articles are a journey into the world of plants, offering exciting adventures for fellow nature enthusiasts.

Growing and eating homegrown is one of the best things you can do! Here’s a list of Spring Season Vegetables in India that you can grow on your terrace, balcony, or regular garden!

The prince of all seasons, Spring or Basant, is the time when the weather is pleasant all around. This season comes between winters and summers. So, it is neither too hot nor cold. Basant, in India, is also considered as a time of renewal and rejuvenation. It is also the most fertile season of all, as the plants during this time start to grow new leaves, fruits, and flowers.

If you are looking to grow vegetables in your regular garden, or if you have got a terrace, balcony, or porch garden, there is no better time than the spring, as the season has a moderate climate till early summer in mid-April, which is ideal for growing many plants. And now that the season is knocking on the doors, here are some of the best Spring Season Vegetables in India! 

1. Matar

Botanical Name: Pisum sativum

Common Names: Pea, Pattani, Bathani, Batani, Vatane, Vatana, Matara

Can You Grow Peas in Pots?

  • YES

You can grow peas in winter and spring, in windowboxes and wide planters. Sow them continuously from November; taking the help of the microclimate of your balcony or rooftop, you can grow sweet peas till March and sometimes April.

2. Khira


Botanical Name: Cucumis sativus

Common Names: Cucumber, Kheera, Vellari, Thabi, Dosakaya, Kakdi, Kakudi

Can You Grow Cucumber in Pots?

  • YES

The fresh fruits of this plant are healthy, mainly due to their 90% water content. You can plant cucumber seeds in spring or check out nearby nurseries in our directory to buy young cucumber plants. It will need a large 14-16 inches pot and frequent watering in summer.

3. Kaddu

Botanical Name: Cucurbita pepo

Common Names: Pumpkin, petha, Halwa Kaddu, Kumra, Kashiphal, Gummadi, Bhopla, Kumpalam

Can You Grow Pumpkin in Pots?

  • YES

Kaddu is widely loved throughout the country for its taste and health benefits it offers. It can also be grown in the spring season, as these fruits can not do well in cool winters and require a warm climate to grow well. You’ll need a large bucket or container to grow it in a pot.

4. Aloo

Botanical Name: Solanum tuberosum

Common Names: Potato, Alu, Aalu, Urulai, Batata

Can You Grow Potatoes in Pots?

  • YES

No wonder why potato tops the list of most essential vegetables in India. It is loved extremely by Children and adults alike. Many famous street foods in the country are made with aloo. They are best grown in spring in fertile and well-draining soil.

5. Tamatar

Botanical Name: Solanum lycopersicum

Common Names: Tomatoes, Tamota, Takkali, Tameto, Tamatara

Can You Grow Tomatoes in Pots?

  • YES

Growing your organic tomatoes in your garden is a satisfaction in itself. They are not only a loved vegetable in India but also is a part of many famous dishes. If you wish to grow tomatoes in your gardens, then spring season is the best time to do that.

6. Chukander

Botanical Name: Beta vulgaris

Common Names: Beetroot, Carkkaraiva, Cakkera dumpa, Sakkare bit, Cini bita

Can You Grow Beet Root in Pots?

  • YES

A good source of many nutrients, Chukandar can be a fantastic addition to your spring season garden. In addition to being easy to grow, they grow best in the cool season. Provide them with fertile soil and choose a spot where it gets plenty of sunlight.

7. Palak

Spring Season Vegetables in India 8

Botanical Name: Spinacia oleracea

Common Names: Spinach, Iraku, Ika, Kuruba, Itayan, Plakaura, Pasali

Can You Grow Spinach in Pots?

  • YES

The best and healthiest of the leafy greens, palak, is a rich source of iron. It is commonly seen in Indian households. You can grow Palak in your spring Garden too. Though planting it early, right at the beginning of the season, is the right choice, as the temperature stays cold by that time.

8. Dhaniya

Botanical Name: Coriandrum sativum

Common Names: Dhana, Dhaniya, Kothamir, Coriander, Cilantro, Kothu malli

Can You Grow Coriander in Pots?

  • YES

The most favorite garnish of Indian food, Dhaniya, is an annual herb. If you want to grow them in your garden, then spring or late spring season is the best time for that. You do not need to transplant the seeds; you can directly sow them in deep and fertile soil where it gets plenty of light.

9. Hari Pyaz

Botanical Name: Allium fistulosum

Common Names: Spring onions, Scallions, Salad pyaz, Hara pyaj

Can You Grow Green Onions in Pots?

  • YES

Onions are useful in the making of a huge variety of Indian dishes. As the name defines, the spring onions can easily be grown in the spring season. They require a moderate kind of temperature to grow well. It is one of the best spring season vegetables in India; you can grow!

10. Brinjal

Botanical Name: Brassica oleracea var. botrytis

Common Names: Eggplant, Brinjal, Kattiri, Vainkaiyya

Can You Grow Brinjal in Pots?

  • YES, Here’s how.

A much-loved vegetable of Indian origin. Baingan is used in the making of some of the most classic Indian recipes like  Baingan ka bharta, Vainkayya sambhar. While in warm Indian states, it can be grown throughout the year, spring is the best time to grow it in states with a cool climate.

11. Gobhi

Spring Season Vegetables in India 10

Botanical Name: Brassica oleracea var. botrytis

Common Names: Cauliflower, Foolgobhi, Kobi, Phoolg0bhi, Geabi

Can You Grow Cauliflower in Pots?

  • YES

Another important and staple vegetable in India, Gobhi, also grows best in spring. It is a crop that can be a little difficult to grow for beginners, as it requires constant care and attention. Also, in one 10-12 inches pot, you can grow one plant, which means less productivity. Still, growing cauliflower at home is really fun.

12. Mirchi

Botanical Name: Capsicum (Genus)

Common Names: Chile, Chile Pepper, Chilli Pepper, Chilli, Sweet Pepper, Chili Pepper, Pachi Mirapakaya, Hari Mirch, Pacchai Milagai, Tarne Mirsang, Shimla Mirch

Can You Grow Pepper Plant in Pots?

  • YES

Like tomatoes, brinjals, and green onions, you can grow all types of peppers in spring in February and March. It’s super easy. For sweet peppers (Shimla Mirch), select a small 8-10 inches for an individual plant. For chili pepper varieties, acquire a large 10-12 inches deep pot.

Leave a Comment

Send this to a friend