How to Grow Plumeria Rubra | Growing Red Frangipani

Last Updated: 18.10.2023
Written by
Chandrima, a flower enthusiast and writer at India Gardening with over 5 years of content writing experience. She combines her love for flowers with her background in gardening and literary expertise to create informative content. In addition to her passion for gardening, she's an aspiring traveler and nature lover.

Plumeria Rubra is a stunning plant with red flowers that can add an instant appeal to the garden. Here’s everything you need to know!

Plumeria Rubra

If you want your garden to stand out with colors, then look no further and grow Plumeria Rubra today! This guide will help you out with everything you need to know!

Botanical Name: Plumeria Rubra

Common Name: Red Frangipani, Nosegay, Temple Tree, Hawaiian lei flower

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Plumeria Rubra Information

Plumeria Rubra is a flowering tree native to Central and South America but is now widely cultivated in tropical and subtropical regions worldwide. The plant is also popular as the temple tree, pagoda tree, or Hawaiian lei flower.

The flowers are the highlight of the tree, and they come in various shades of red, pink, orange, yellow, and white. They are fragrant and have a sweet, tropical scent that is often used in perfumes and soaps.

In some cultures, the red frangipani symbolizes love and affection. The flower is also popular in wedding ceremonies and as a gift to express love and friendship.

Propagating Plumeria Rubra


You can propagate Plumeria Rubra through stem cuttings. Here are the steps for propagation:

  1. Select a healthy, mature stem that is about 5-8 inches long. It is best to take cuttings in the spring or early summer when the plant is actively growing.
  2. Using a sharp, clean pair of pruning shears, cut the stem at a 45-degree angle, just below a node.
  3. Remove the leaves from the bottom two-thirds of the stem, leaving only a few leaves at the top.
  4. Dip the cut end of the stem into a rooting hormone powder to promote root growth.
  5. Plant the stem cutting in a well-draining soil mixture, such as a mix of sand and peat moss.
  6. Water the cutting thoroughly and place it in a warm, bright spot but out of direct sunlight.
  7. Cover the pot with a plastic bag to create a greenhouse effect and promote humidity.
  8. After a few weeks, the cutting should begin to develop roots.

Requirements to Grow Plumeria Rubra 

Plumeria Rubra 2


Plumeria Rubra prefers full sun to partial shade and requires a minimum of six hours of direct sunlight per day to thrive. In areas with hot climates, it’s best to provide some afternoon shade to prevent the tree from getting stressed or sunburned.

Insufficient sunlight can result in fewer flowers and poor health of the plant.


The plant grows best in well-draining soil that is rich in organic matter. The soil should be slightly acidic, with a pH range of 6.0 to 7.5. It’s important to avoid heavy clay soils or those with poor drainage.

For the best growth of Plumeria Rubra, add some compost or manure into the soil to improve its fertility and drainage.


Plumeria Rubra requires regular watering, especially during the growing season. However, it’s important not to overwater, as this can lead to root damage and other problems.

Water the plant only when the topsoil feels a little dry to the touch. Also, avoid moistening the growing medium daily.

Temperature and Humidity

Red frangipani is a tropical plant that thrives in warm temperatures and cannot tolerate frost or freezing temperatures. The ideal temperature range for Plumeria Rubra is between 60°F to 90°F (15°C to 32°C).

Ideally, the humidity level should be kept around 50% to 70%. In areas with low humidity, it’s recommended to mist the leaves with water regularly or place a humidifier near the plant to increase the humidity level.

Taking Care of Plumeria Rubra

shutterstock/Bill Florence


Plumeria Rubra benefits from regular fertilization. It’s recommended to use a balanced liquid fertilizer, diluted to 1/4 of its strength, once in 5-8 weeks. Do not feed the plant in the winter months.


Pruning Plumeria Rubra is not necessary but can be done to maintain shape and promote bushier growth. The best time to prune is during the dormant season, which is typically in late winter or early spring before new growth appears.

It’s important to use clean and sharp pruning shears to make clean cuts and avoid damaging the tree.

Pests and Diseases

Plumeria Rubra is generally hardy and resistant to most pests and diseases. However, it can be susceptible to some common problems, such as aphids, scale insects, mealybugs, spider mites, and powdery mildew.

To prevent and control these issues, it’s recommended to regularly inspect the plant for signs of infestation, such as yellowing or distorted leaves, and to treat any problems with appropriate insecticides or fungicides promptly.

Avoid overwatering the plant, as this can lead to root rot and other problems that can weaken the tree’s natural defenses against pests and diseases.

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