Known for its pungent smell, the Indian mulberry has several uses in traditional medicines. Let’s have a look at Noni Plant Cultivation in India!
What is Noni Plant?
Noni is an evergreen fruit-bearing tree native to Southeast Asia and Australasia. Once widely cultivated, the love for it diminished with time, due to the unpleasant smell that the fruit carries. They are 3-5 inches long but irregular in shape and have a yellow-white color. The tree can grow up to an average height of 10-30 feet with thick, dark green glossy leaves. It is a significant fruit due to its multiple medicinal properties. Here’s everything about Noni Plant Cultivation in India!
Botanical Name: Morinda citrifolia
Common Indian Names: Bartundi, Mannapavatta, Shedheveli, Nagakunda, Mogali, Maddi pallu, Hurdi, Surangi, Noni, Pindre, Nunaakai, Tagase Maddi, Maligyan Hannu
Noni Plant Cultivation in India
Noni fruit is famous for its medicinal properties. They are also processes and sold as juices and jams. Although the fruit is also known as Indian Mulberry, it is not that commonly grown in the country. Presently, the only state in India that cultivates and industrially process this fruit is Tamil Nadu. But now, with the increasing demand, other states like Jharkhand is also beginning to grow it.
How to Grow Noni Plant
You can grow this plant at home very easily with just a little care and attention, and enjoy freshly grown noni fruits in your garden. The following section will provide you all the information related to requirements, propagation, and how to grow Noni plant in detail!
Though it is always better to buy a well-grown, healthy plant from a nursery, you can also propagate them by both seeds and cuttings. The seeds can be acquired from any nearby nursery or extracted from the fruit. Germinate these seeds in seedling trays or sow them directly in containers. Speed the process of germination by providing the seeds with extra heat.
You can also propagate the Noni plant through cuttings. For this, take a few, 20- 30 cm cuttings from a healthy plant and root them. Plant these cuttings in small pots until the roots start to grow out of them. Transplant them once the roots are visible.
The best time to plant Noni in the tropical and subtropical climatic conditions of India is the onset of monsoon i.e., in the months of June-October. You can also grow them in irrigated months of January- March.
This plant can grow in almost all kinds of soils and does not get affected by the salinity or alkalinity of soil. The best results are, however, seen in sandy loam soil. It prefers well-draining and porous soil but can also survive in waterlogged conditions at times.
The ideal temperature for growing Noni plant in 20-35°C. However, it can survive in adverse conditions as well. A mature plant can withstand even higher temperatures.
These plants are quite hardy and can survive in various challenging conditions. Grow them in full sun as well as in partial shade.
Once mature, the plant can survive even in drought conditions. But while growing it requires moderately irrigated conditions, make sure to water the plants regularly, especially during the early period, as this will help the plant in establishing itself well.
Noni Plant Care
Here are some pointers on how to care for your Noni plant.
It is better to keep the medicinal noni plants in your garden organic by using natural fertilizers like rotted cow manure, chicken or goat manure, etc.
Pests and Diseases
Generally, these plants are free from pests and diseases. But certain fungal infections like fruit or leaf blights, leaf spots, etc., may affect them in high-rainfall and moist areas. In such cases, you can use homemade pesticides like neem oil or soap solution to get rid of them.
Prune the disease infected leaves from your plants, during or after the first fruiting. As the plant will get mature, you have to prune them more to keep them in shape.
Noni Plant Uses
The plant has multiple uses in various fields that range from food, cosmetics to medicine.
The fruit, stems, roots, and barks of this tree are used in traditional medicines for the treatment of various diseases like high blood pressure, osteoarthritis, kidney and bladder infections, asthma, colds, constipation, migraine, etc.
The bark of the tree can be useful in making a purple-brown dye that is used in doing batik on clothes.
The fruit is also famous as Famine food, as people earlier use to eat it in the times of famine. They have a bitter taste and now becoming popular as it has become a favorite of the health-conscious people. It is also an ingredient in the various beverages, juices, and jams that are available in markets.