Have a look at the most potent Indian Medicinal Plants and their Uses with Pictures that you can also grow with ease in your home garden!
Indian Ayurveda has been using different medicinal herbs and plants for treating numerous ailments. Here’s a list of the most useful Indian Medicinal Plants and their Uses with Pictures.
Here are the best herbs you can grow for anxiety and stress
Medicinal Plants in India
1. Aloe Vera / Ghrit Kumari
Botanical Name: Aloe barbadensis miller
This stemless plant is prized for its fleshy leaves that are used for the treatment of burns, acne, and skin problems. Its juice is also great for beating indigestion, gut health, and piles issues.
2. Kalanchoe / Pattharchatta
Botanical Name: Kalanchoe blossfeldiana
The kalanchoe leaves are boiled in the water and used for curing kidney stones and urinary-related problems. Moreover, the leaves are also great for relieving insect bites, jaundice, and chronic cough.
3. Basil / Tulsi
Botanical Name: Ocimum basilicum
Basil leaves have umpteen health benefits in Ayurveda; hence every Indian home has at least one basil plant. It is boiled with ginger and honey to treat cough. Chewing its leaves daily keeps blood sugar levels in check.
4. Butterfly Pea / Shankhpushpi
Botanical Name: Clitoria ternatea
The blue tea made from their flowers improves cognitive ability, memory and relieves anxiety and stress. Thanks to its analgesic properties, blue tea acts as a mood enhancer by calming the mind.
5. Eucalyptus / Neelgiri
Botanical Name: Eucalyptus globulus
The fresh leaves can be gargled with water or used as a vapor to treat sore throat, cold, and bronchitis. Its essential oil is used in relieving nasal congestion and asthma problems.
6. Mint / Pudina
Botanical Name: Mentha
Mint is a delicious addition to chutney and mojito. The fresh leaves relieve indigestion and heartburn. Its essential oil is also prized for easing stress, anxiety, and headache.
Botanical Name: Lavandula
Thanks to the delightful fragrance, lavender oil helps in beating problems including anxiety, stress, depression, and insomnia. It also has antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties, making it beneficial for burns and bug bites.
8. Heart-leaved Moonseed / Giloy
Botanical Name: Tinospora cordifolia
Giloy has been used in Ayurveda for ages by folk medicine practitioners. Thanks to its anti-diabetic, anti-microbial, and anti-oxidant properties, it helps in healing chronic fever, boosts immunity, and improves digestion.
9. Bengal quince / Bael
Botanical Name: Aegle marmelos
All parts of the bael tree are used medicinally in Ayurveda. Its fruit is a boon for gut health, as it helps in digestion and cures ulcers. Its roots have anti-inflammatory, wound healing, and antidote properties.
10. Fennel / Saunf
Botanical Name: Foeniculum vulgare
Fennel seeds are useful in treating intestinal gas, bloating, and loss of appetite. Fennel is high in vitamin-C too. It can be sauteed, roasted, or grilled for softening its flavors.
11. Ginger / Adrak
Botanical Name: Zingiber officinale
Ginger is an effective home remedy for digestion, flu, sore throat, and the common cold. People consume it in fresh, dried, or powdered form. Ginger’s antioxidants also improve immunity.
12. Indian Ginseng / Ashwagandha
Botanical Name: Withania somnifera
Ashwagandha helps in curing several problems, including pain, inflammation, insomnia, and stress. Its leaves, seeds, and fruit are popular for treating various ailments and also helps in maintaining youth.
13. Sage / Sathi
Botanical Name: Salvia officinalis
Be it digestive problems, loss of appetite, gas, stomach pain, diarrhea, bloating, or heartburn, sage leaves are one solution for all. Pick the leaves fresh to use in herbal tea or cocktails.
14. Bacopa / Brahmi
Botanical Name: Bacopa monnieri
This ancient herb plays a significant role in treating ADHD and alleviating anxiety. Bacopa is beneficial for boosting brain functioning, including cognition, learning, and memory, thanks to the saponin compounds.
15. Crepe Ginger / Keu
Botanical Name: Cheilocostus speciosus
The rhizome of this herb is useful in healing constipation, headache, leprosy, skin disease, and ear-aches. It goes well in many vegetable recipes in Indian tribal cuisines.
16. Rosemary / Gulmehandi
Botanical Name: Salvia rosmarinus
Rosemary enhances memory, brain functioning, cognitive functioning, and alertness. The needles like leaves of rosemary give out a pleasing fragrance and used in making essential oil too.
17. Carom / Ajwain
Botanical Name: Trachyspermum ammi
Ranging from ulcer, indigestion, cholesterol to high blood pressure, carom seeds keep all such problems in check. Packed with vitamins B, sodium, calcium, iron, and phosphorus, carom seeds are a delicious addition to pakodas!
Botanical Name: Matricaria chamomilla
There is no substitute for chamomile for muscle spasms, menstrual disorders, insomnia, wounds. It can be consumed as a tea, and its essential oil is used for aromatherapy.