Karnataka State Tree and How to Grow it

Last Updated: 19.10.2023

Do you know about the Karnataka State Tree? If not, then this article will give you all the information along with the growing details!

Karnataka State Tree
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Like all the other states in India, the Karnataka State Tree also holds its own significance. Let’s have a detailed look! You can also grow it in your garden.

Learn about the state tree of Rajasthan here

Karnataka State Tree

Sandalwood is the official Karnataka State Tree. The name of this tree comes from the Greek word  ‘santalon’ and the Arabic ‘sandal,’ and the specific epithet ‘alba’ is from Latin, meaning ‘White.’

These trees usually bear fresh flowers from March to September and give fruits from June to February. In India, they are common in parts of Mysore in Karnataka, and Tamil Nadu.

Botanical Name: Santalum album

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Other Names of the Karnataka State Tree


  • Sandalwood in Hindi: Safedchandan
  • Common Names: Indian Sandalwood, Sandalwood, White Sandalwood (English)
  • Sandalwood in Sanskrit: Ananditam, Chandana, Taliaparnam
  • Sandalwood in Tamil: Sandanam

How to Grow the Karnataka State Tree?

You can grow the Karnataka State Tree from seeds. However, this way, it will take a lot of time for the plant to mature into a tree. So, it is always a good idea to get a well-grown plant from a nursery and then transplant it into the garden.

Requirements to Grow the Karnataka State Tree

shutterstock/Mule Shiv


The Karnataka State Tree loves direct sunlight and grows best in it. Pick a spot with a minimum of 5-6 hours of light. Do not grow it in the shade, as it will result in lower height and leggy growth.


The sandalwood tree is not fussy about the growing medium and would do just fine in the regular garden soil. You can amend the soil with plenty of organic matter and vermicompost at the planting time to boost growth


Water the plant well when it is young. Keep the soil slightly moist by watering it when the top layer feels a little dry to the touch. Avoid watering it daily as it will lead to root rot.

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Facts and Benefits of Sandalwood

Karnataka State Tree 2
  • It is the second most expensive wood in the world and one of the finest natural materials for carving.
  • Sandalwood oil is popular for its uses in perfumes, cosmetics, aromatherapy, and pharmaceuticals. People also use it to flavor frozen dairy desserts, candy, pan masala, baked food, gelatin, puddings, and alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages.
  • The sapwood of the plant has uses in the making of ‘Agarbattis’ (incense sticks).
  • Sandalwood is sacred in religious ceremonies and an essential ingredient in the ‘home’ (consecrated fire).
  • The wood and the oil are popular for treating inflammation, boils, pimples, sun-burnt skin, or a patchy tan as it has anti-inflammatory properties.
  • In migraine, sandal paste or oil (in dilute form) offers relief.
  • The oil is also helpful in treating common colds, bronchitis, fever, dysentery, piles, scabies and infection of the urinary tract, inflammation of the mouth and pharynx, liver and gall-bladder complaints, and as an expectorant, stimulant, carminative, digestive and as a muscle relaxant.

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