Importance of Composting: Benefits and Uses

Last Updated: 19.10.2023
Dhruvdeep Singh
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Meet Dhruv, a writer and nature lover from Amritsar, Punjab, who fell in love with gardening during the lockdown. With a B.Tech in Computer Science and over four years of writing experience, he brings a tech-savvy perspective to gardening. Dhruv's articles are a journey into the world of plants, offering exciting adventures for fellow nature enthusiasts.

The Importance of Composting are many, and it is a great way to enrich the garden or pot soil for the benefit of plants!

Importance of Composting

Compost is prepared from organic matters like kitchen scraps, grass clippings, shredded leaves, and cow dung. It is popularly used by home gardeners as an eco-friendly organic fertilizer, mulch, and soil amendments. Apart from upgrading the quality and texture of the soil, the Importance of Composting are many! Let’s have a look.

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Importance of Composting

1. Recycle Garbage Waste

Compost making uses the kitchen and other waste innovatively, reducing the garbage amount significantly. A reduced amount of waste helps in reducing air pollution by minimizing concentrated, toxic methane gas that is released into the atmosphere.

2. Budget-Friendly

Composting is an economical option for home growers as it eliminates the expenses of fertilizer that are harmful to the soil. It is a great option to grow chemical-free fruits and vegetables at zero cost!

3. Healthy Supplement for the Soil

Composting adds a great amount of nutrition to the soil and making it porous and water retentive. It works as an organic fertilizer for producing quality fruits and vegetables free of toxic chemicals. It also enhances the nutrient-holding capacity of the soil, improves its texture, and also stabilizes the pH.

4. Suppresses Weed and Pests Attack

Compost also suppresses the weed, pests, pathogens, and diseases, eliminating the need for harmful pesticides in the garden.

5. Encourages Beneficial Microbes Growth

Unlike other chemical fertilizers, compost does not kill the beneficial microbes present in the soil; instead, it encourages the growth of beneficial critters, microorganisms, and fungi that break down and decompose the organic material for generating humus.

What to Include in the Compost

Fruits, Vegetables, Eggshells, Coffee grounds, Teabags, Shredded newspaper, Paper, Grass clippings, hay and straw, Leaves, Sawdust, Wood chips, Fireplace ashes, and Hairs can be a part of home-made compost.

What Not to Include in the Compost

Meat, Fish, Cat and Dog feces, Grease, Oil, and Dairy Products

How to Prepare Compost at Home

Importance of Composting 2

The compost must consist of grass clippings, vegetable waste, and fruit scraps, responsible for providing nitrogen to the compost. Including dead leaves, branches, and twigs that give essential carbon.

  1. You can start your compost in the garden or a bucket with some drilled holes for air circulation.
  2. To catalyze the process, you can introduce some earthworms to the heap to accelerate the compost formation.
  3. Moisten the compost and water it sporadically.
  4. Cover the compost with a plastic sheet for retaining moisture and heat.
  5. Every 2-3 days, turn and mix all the ingredients using a shovel, as it increases the oxygen level in the compost.
  6. Your compost will be ready within 3-4 weeks.

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