Ghaf tree is renowned for its religious significance in India. If you too want to grow it in your garden, then follow our guide on How to Grow Shami Tree!
Every Hindu worshipper is well aware of the significance of the Ghaf tree as it holds a lot of importance in Indian culture. If you want to grow it in your yard, then here’s all the information on How to grow Shami tree.
Botanical Name: Prosopis cineraria
Common Names: Semi, Shami, Shemi, Khejri, Loong, Banni Mara, Kandi, Khejda, Shaigachi, Jambi, Ghaf, Banni, Chaunkra, Hamra, Jambi, Jambu, Jammi chettu, Jand, Jhand, Kandi, Khaka, Khanjra, Khar, Khijado, Parampu, Perumbai, Sami, Sangri, Saunder, Semru, Sheh, Shemri, Shum, Summi, Tambu
Check out our article on How to Grow Shami Plant from Cutting here
The Shami tree is mostly found in Afghanistan, India, Iran, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Sri Lanka, and, UAE. This evergreen tree features thorny, irregular branches, forming an open crown.
Growing upto 15-20 feet tall, this tree has a life expectancy of upto 150 years in favorable conditions.
Mythology Behind Shami Tree
In Hinduism, this tree is worshipped with a mustard oil lamp to cancel the ill effects of Shani dev. Its leaves are the imperative offerings to Lord Shiva and Krishna. Its significance is also cited in Ramayana and Mahabarata’s scriptures, too.
According to one text of Mahabharata, during the exile period, the Pandavas had concealed their celestial weapons under this tree for safekeeping.
Propagating Shami Tree
- Get its seeds from a local nursery or a garden center.
- Soak the seeds 12-24 hours prior to sowing.
- Carefully scrape the outer seed coat without damaging the embryo.
- Plant it in a potting mix and mist lightly.
- Make sure the seed gets bright, indirect light.
- Take a 4-6 inches long cutting from a healthy plant at a 45° angle.
- Prune the lower leaves and keep the upper ones intact.
- Prepare a pot with equal parts of sand, loamy soil, and compost.
- Dip the cutting in the rooting hormone, and plant it in the pot.
- Mist well and keep the pot where it gets indirect light.
Growing Requirements of Shami Plant
The plant does best in bright light once established. If you are growing it directly in the garden, then choose the sunniest spot.
Note: The right direction for planting Shami Tree, according to Vastu Shastra, is in the west direction at home.
The plant requires frequent and deep watering when it is in the growing stage. Once established, it will pretty much take care of its own.
This tree grows well in a wide range of soil types. For growing it from seed, use garden soil with a bit of cow manure.
The tree can withstand high temperatures of 40-45 °C, whereas the absolute minimum temperature it can tolerate is from 9-16 °C. This attribute makes it perfect to grow in the Indian climate.
Taking Care of Shami Plant
Shami tree does not require much feeding, as the tree itself works as a nitrogen fixator in the soil. While the plant is in the growing stage, you can use a light dose of balanced fertilizer once in two months.
Remove the dry and yellowing leaves from time to time. You can also prune it while it is in the growing stage to give it a shape of your liking.
Uses of Shami Tree
The bark of the Shami tree has anthelmintic properties. People use it for treating numerous ailments like asthma, bronchitis, dysentery, leprosy, rheumatism, scorpion stings, muscle tremors, and piles.