How to Grow Suran Vegetable in India | Growing Elephant Foot Yam

Last Updated: 19.10.2023

This guide will help you on How to Grow Suran Vegetable easily in your garden or pots. Here’s all about Growing Elephant Foot Yam!

Suran Vegetable
shutterstock/Mustafa reza

Suran Vegetable is quite popular in various parts of India and the best news is, you can easily grow it in your home! Let’s have a look at all the details!

Check out our article on rowing Gilki vegetable here

Suran Vegetable

Suran Vegetable in English is popular as Elephant Foot Yam but people call it by different names in different parts of India. It is a good source of protein, carbohydrates, and omega-three fatty acids.

Uttarakhand, Chhattisgarh, Bihar, West Bengal, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Orrisa are the chief cultivators of this vegetable.

 How to Grow Suran Vegetable in India?

You can easily grow Elephant Foot Yam with the help of its tubers. Take tubers with ‘eye’ attached and plant them in a well-draining potting mix. Water well and make sure it gets plenty of bright but indirect sunlight. It will form growth in 4-5 weeks.

Check Out How To Grow Vegetable Seeds here!

Requirements to Grow Suran Vegetable



Suran Vegetable grows best in plenty of sunlight so avoid cultivating it at a spot that gets shade for the most part of the day. Pick a spot that gets a minimum of 4-6 hours of direct sunlight.


Avoid growing Elephant Foot Yam in compact soil. If you are using garden soil, amend it with plenty of organic matter, vermicompost, and cow dung manure.  A pH range of 5.5-7.0 is optimum for growing Suran Vegetable. 


If you want good quality and big tubers, you need to take care of the watering. Elephant Foot Yam loves to stay in moist soil all the time. To make sure it happens, water the plant once every 3-4 days or whenever the topsoil feels a little dry to the touch.

Suran Vegetable Care

Suran Vegetable 2



If you have used cow dung manure and coco peat at the time of planting, then you don’t have to worry much about feeding the plant. To boost the growth and size of its tubers, apply a balanced liquid fertilizer, diluted to half of its strength, once in 4-6 weeks.

Pests and Diseases

As long as you avoid overwatering and provide plenty of air circulation and sunlight, it will be free of pests and diseases. The application of neem oil solution will keep the problems at bay if the plant encounters them.

Harvesting Suran Vegetable

Elephant Foot Yam will be ready to harvest in 6-8 months, from the date of planting. Look for yellow and drying up foliage, which is the indication that the tubers are ready. Take out the entire plant from the soil to harvest the tubers.

Also, make sure you boil and cook the vegetable well in order to get rid of the calcium oxalate crystals.

Check Out How to Harvest Methi Leaves here!

1 thought on “How to Grow Suran Vegetable in India | Growing Elephant Foot Yam”

  1. I live in Durban, South Africa and wish to grow Suran (elephant foot yam) for home consumption.
    Where can I purchase the tuber either in Durban or South Africa?
    Are there any nurseries that stock the tuber?
    Please advise.


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