How to Grow Phool Gobhi in India

Last Updated: 19.10.2023

Phool Gobhi is one of the most popular vegetables among Indians and the best part is, you can grow it easily in gardens and pots!

Phool Gobhi

Cauliflower or Phool Gobhi has to be one of the favorite veggies of people in India. Thanks to its ease of growing nature, you can easily cultivate it in your home to have a fresh supply for free! Let’s have a look at it in detail!

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Phool Gobhi Information

Phool Gobhi is easy to grow in the typical Indian climate, which makes it quite versatile. According to a study, India is the largest producer of cauliflower in the world. The major cauliflower-producing states are West Bengal (26%), Bihar (17%), Madhya Pradesh (10%), Orissa (10%), Gujarat (8%), Haryana (7%), Assam (6%) and Maharashtra (3%).

The head of cauliflower is also referred to as curd, which is essentially tightly packed flower buds that have not fully developed.

Botanical Name: Brassica oleracea

How to Grow Phool Gobhi?

The best way to grow Phool Gobhi is from fresh seeds. Plant seeds about 1/2 inch deep in a well-draining potting mix, water well, and keep the pot where it gets plenty of indirect light. Go with one seed per pot rule and space plants 1-2 feet apart in the garden.

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Requirements to Grow Phool Gobhi


Phool Gobhi grows best in direct sunlight. Choose a spot that gets a minimum of 5-6 hours of direct sun every day. This will ensure the head develops best and also take a large size. Do not keep the plant in the shade as it will result in leggy growth with very small Gobhi ka Phool.


A pH range of 5.5-6.5 is best for growing cauliflower. Amend the garden soil with plenty of organic matter, vermicompost, coco peat, and cow dung manure.


The plant requires moist soil to develop the best heads. Make sure the soil is never going dry completely at the time of head formation. Drought-like conditions can lead to the formation of smaller heads.

Water when the topsoil feels a little dry to the touch. DO NOT water the plant daily.

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Phool Gobhi Care

Phool Gobhi 2


Side-dress the plant with a handful of compost or manure again in the middle of the growth. At the time of planting, mix cow dung manure in the soil. Use a balanced liquid fertilizer, once in 3-4 weeks. DO follow the instructions on the label.

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Pests and Diseases

Flea beetles and moths love to feed on the leaves of cauliflower. Aphids and whiteflies can infest it as well. Use a neem oil solution to keep them at bay.

Avoid overwatering the plant and wetting the foliage to keep the potential diseases at bay.

Harvesting Phool Gobhi

shutterstock/Sabrina Bracher

Depending on the variety, sowing period, and climate, the plant will be ready to harvest in 3-4 months after planting. If the head has taken a good size and shape, at around 8-12 inches, then the plant is ready to harvest.

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