Chane Ka Jhad is one of the most recognized crops in India and it is also possible to grow it in the home garden! Let’s have a look at it!
Chickpeas, also known as garbanzo beans, are a type of legume that have a nutty, sweet flavor and a creamy texture. They are a rich source of dietary fiber and protein, as well as vitamins and minerals such as folate, iron, and magnesium. Chickpeas are a popular ingredient in many dishes, especially in Middle Eastern and Indian cuisine. They can be eaten cooked, dried, or as an ingredient in hummus, falafel, and other dishes. Let’s look at How to Grow Chane Ka Jhad in India.
Botanical Name: Cicer arietinum
Common Names: Chickpeas, Garbonza beans, Bengal gram, Chane ka Jhad
What is Chane Ka Jhad
Chickpeas, also known as garbanzo beans, are a type of legume native to the Middle East. They have a nutty flavor and a creamy texture and can be cooked in various ways.
Benefits of Chane ka Jhad
1. High in Nutrients: Chane ka Jhad is rich in various vitamins and minerals, including folate, iron, phosphorus, magnesium, and zinc. A 100–gram (3.5–ounce) serving of cooked chickpeas provides 164 calories, 2.5 grams of fat, 8.9 grams of dietary fiber, and 8.9 grams of protein.
2. High in Fiber: Chane ka Jhad is an excellent source of fiber, which is important for digestive health and regularity. Fiber also helps to regulate blood sugar levels and reduce cholesterol.
3. May Help Manage Blood Sugar Levels: Chane ka Jhad may help to manage blood sugar levels due to their low glycemic index (GI) and high fiber content.
4. May Help with Weight Loss: Chane ka Jhad is high in fiber and protein, which can help with weight loss. Eating a diet high in fiber can help you feel fuller and longer and reduce overall calorie intake.
5. May Help Reduce Risk of Heart Disease: Eating legumes like chickpeas has been linked with a reduced risk of heart disease. This is likely due to their high fiber and nutrient content.
Propagating Chane Ka Jhad
Chane Ka Jhad propagation is done by planting seeds directly in the soil. It is important to select a site that has well-draining soil and full sun exposure.
The seeds should be planted about one inch deep and spaced about six inches apart. After planting, the soil should be kept moist and well-drained.
Fertilize the soil with a balanced fertilizer before planting and during the growing season. Make sure to weed regularly and water the plants during dry periods. When the plants are established, they can be thinned to create more room for air circulation. Harvest the pods when they are still green before the shells harden.
Requirements to Grow Chane Ka Jhad
Chane Ka Jhad is a warm-season crop and requires full sun for optimum growth. It should receive at least 6 to 8 hours of direct sunlight daily for proper growth and development.
The specific requirements for growing Chane Ka Jhad vary depending on the variety. Generally, chickpeas need full sun, well–drained soil, and consistent watering.
The soil should have a pH between 6.0 and 7.5, and a nitrogen–rich fertilizer should be applied at planting and once during the growing season.
Adequate micronutrients, such as boron, copper, iron, manganese, and zinc, should also be added to the soil. To prevent disease, crop rotation and avoiding planting in wet or poorly drained areas are recommended.
Chane Ka Jhad needs plenty of water throughout the growing season. It is best to water them deeply and evenly, about 1–2 inches per week, depending on the weather and soil conditions.
The peas will need slightly more water during the flowering and pod–filling stages. Allow the soil to dry out between watering to avoid over–watering.
Chane Ka Jhad is a warm–season crop and generally requires temperatures of 60–75°F (16–24°C) for optimal growth. Optimal germination temperatures for chickpeas are between 65–75°F (18–24°C).
When temperatures exceed this range, germination and growth may be delayed. In addition, temperatures that exceed 85°F (29°C) during flowering can reduce yield and quality.
Chane Ka Jhad Care
Chane Ka Jhad is a nitrogen–fixing legume, meaning it can take nitrogen from the atmosphere and use it as fertilizer. They do not need additional nitrogen, but they do require phosphorus, potassium, and other micronutrients.
If a soil test indicates the soil is deficient in any of these nutrients, a balanced fertilizer, once in 4-6 weeks, should be applied according to the soil test results.
Chane Ka Jhad is a legume crop that does not require pruning. However, it is beneficial to remove any dead or diseased stems, leaves, and flowers that may be present. This helps keep the plant healthy and can improve its overall yield.
Additionally, pruning off any competing stems or branches can help promote even growth and provide better air circulation, which can help reduce the risk of disease.
Pests and Diseases
Pests: Common pests of chickpea bushes include aphids, flea beetles, leafhoppers, and thrips.
Diseases: Common diseases of chickpea bushes include bacterial blight, root rot, and powdery mildew. To prevent these diseases, it is important to practice crop rotation and maintain proper soil moisture, as well as to plant resistant varieties. Additionally, fungicides may be used to control the disease.
Chane Ka Jhad Toxicity
Chickpeas bush (Cicer arietinum) is not considered to be toxic. It is safe to eat and contains many important nutrients such as fiber, protein, vitamins, and minerals. The plant may cause irritation when the leaves, stems, or flowers are touched or ingested, so it is important to take caution when handling or consuming the plant.