Matar Ki Kheti is easy and this way, you can grow plenty of yield for the sale in the market! Let’s have a look in detail!
Peas play an important role in the making of many mouth-watering dishes such as matar paneer, matar kachodi, methi matar malai, etc. If you are planning to earn from it then we will tell you all the details on How to Do Matar Ki Kheti in India.
Botanical Name: Pisum Sativum
Common Names: Matar, Pea, Garden Pea
Learn all about growing Nashpati ka Ped here
Before doing Matar Ki Kheti, it is important to learn about peas. Matar in English is popular as peas in India. This plant loves cool conditions and is mostly harvested for its edible seeds, although its foliage is also edible and can be put to use as garnish for certain sabzis or salads.
Matar ki Kheti is not a difficult task if you have the right information about it. This article shall provide you with a detailed overview of what is to be done.
Types of Matar in India
Matar Ki Kheti is done primarily for three varieties of peas. Namely:
1. English Peas
These kinds of peas do not have edible pods. You must be patient before the shelling process, as only when they are fully plump will you reap the best yield. They grow at a rapid pace and will be ready to harvest about 50 days from planting.
2. Snow Peas
The snow pea is also known as the Chinese pea pod. This type of matar takes the most amount of time to mature even though before harvesting. Also, its pods are edible.
3. Sugar Snap Peas
This pea is a mix of English peas and Snow peas and has edible pods. It can survive better than the types of matars in little warmer conditions.
Matar Ki Kheti – Growing Peas
The best way of propagating matar is through seeds. Pay heed to the following steps to be able to do Matar ki Kheti all on your own.
- Start choosing a stretch of land. You can do Matar ki Kheti in 1 beegha to 1 acre of land.
- Make a shallow indentation in the soil with a stick or pencil.
- Place 2-3 pea seeds into the indentation and cover them with a light layer of soil.
- Water the pot until the soil is damp, but not soggy.
- Place the pot in a sunny spot, such as a windowsill or balcony.
- Water the pot every few days, making sure to keep the soil damp but not soggy.
- Once the pea seedlings have grown to a few inches tall, they can be transplanted into a larger pot or in the ground.
- When the seedlings are about 4-6 inches tall, pinch off the growing tips to encourage bushier growth.
- Mulch around the plants to help retain moisture.
- Harvest the peas when the pods are full and plump.
Requirements For Doing Matar ki Kheti
To get the most yield from Matar ki Kheti, it is important to ensure the plants get the right amount of sunlight.
Sunlight is essential for the growth and development of pea plants. Pea plants need at least 6 to 8 hours of direct sunlight each day to produce healthy, full growth and sweet, succulent peas.
When grown in areas with too little sunlight, the plants will be weak, and spindly, producing fewer pods.
To make the most out of your Matar ki Kheti, using the right growing medium is essential.
Pea plants prefer light, well-draining soil that is high in organic matter. The ideal soil pH for peas is between 6.0 and 7.0. Incorporate plenty of compost, aged manure, and other organic matter into the soil prior to planting.
Peas need plenty of nitrogen for healthy growth, so choose a fertilizer with a high amount of nitrogen or use a nitrogen-rich organic amendment such as alfalfa meal or blood meal.
Proper watering is very essential for the best Matar ki Kheti. Soil should be kept moist but not soggy, as too much water can cause root rot. Pea plants should be watered deeply and evenly around the root zone, using a hose or a watering can.
During hotter weather, water more frequently, making sure to water the soil rather than the foliage.
Temperature and Humidity
Keep the plants in the temperature range of 18-21°C (64-70°F) and require moderate humidity levels of around 40-60%.
Matar ki Kheti – Care
Fertlization is an essential part while doing Matar ki Kheti.
Pea plants benefit from nitrogen-rich fertilizers, such as a 10-10-10 fertilizer. If you have an organic garden, you can use a fish emulsion or even manure tea. Make sure to follow the directions on the package for proper application rates.
Pests and Diseases
Try to use only organic measures to get rid of the infestation, such as a strong spray of water or spraying the plant with neem oil or insecticides.
Matar ki Kheti – Harvesting
Harvesting peas is a simple process that involves cutting the plants down to the ground. The pods should be collected, and the peas inside should be shelled. Peas should be harvested when the pods are plump and before the pods become over-mature. Over-mature peas will have tough, mealy, and bitter-tasting peas. The vines can either be discarded or composted.
Matar ki Kheti – Storage
It is advisable to sell them the moment you harvest them, as fresh pods taste the best.