How to Do Matar Ki Kheti in India

Last Updated: 29.01.2024

Matar Ki Kheti is easy, and this way, you can grow plenty of yield for sale in the market! Let’s have a look in detail!

Matar ki Kheti

Peas play a crucial role in crafting delectable dishes like matar paneer, matar kachodi, methi matar malai, and more. If you’re considering venturing into pea cultivation for profit, we’ll guide you through all the details on how to engage in Matar Ki Kheti in India.

Matar Ka Botanical Name: Pisum Sativum

Common Names: Matar, Pea, Garden Pea

Learn all about Growing Chick Peas too

Matar Information

Before doing Matar Ki Kheti, it is important to learn about peas. Matar in English is popular as peas in India. This plant loves cool conditions and is mostly harvested for its edible seeds, although its foliage is also edible and can be put to use as garnish for certain sabzis or salads.

It is not a difficult task to matar ka ped if you have the right information about it. This article shall provide you with a detailed overview of what is to be done.

Types of Matar in India

Matar Ki Kheti is done primarily for three varieties of peas. Namely:

1. English Peas

These peas don’t have edible pods. It’s important to exercise patience during the shelling process, as the best yield is obtained when they are fully plump. They grow rapidly and are ready for harvest approximately 50 days after planting.

2. Snow Peas

Also known as Chinese pea pods, snow peas take the longest time to mature before harvesting. Unlike English peas, their pods are edible

3. Sugar Snap Peas

A hybrid of English peas and snow peas, sugar snap peas have edible pods. They thrive better in slightly warmer conditions compared to other pea varieties.

Matar Ki Kheti – Growing Peas


The best way of propagating matar is through seeds. Pay heed to the following steps to be able to do Matar ki Kheti all on your own.

  • Start choosing a stretch of land. You can do Matar ki Kheti in 1 beegha to 1 acre of land.
  • Make a shallow indentation in the soil with a stick or pencil.
  • Place 2-3 pea seeds into the indentation and cover them with a light layer of soil.
  • Water the pot until the soil is damp, but not soggy.
  • Place the pot in a sunny spot, such as a windowsill or balcony.
  • Water the pot every few days, making sure to keep the soil damp but not soggy.
  • Once the pea seedlings have grown to a few inches tall, they can be transplanted into a larger pot or in the ground.
  • When the seedlings are about 4-6 inches tall, pinch off the growing tips to encourage bushier growth.
  • Mulch around the plants to help retain moisture.
  • Harvest the peas when the pods are full and plump.

Requirements For Doing Matar ki Kheti

Matar ki Kheti 2


Achieving a bountiful yield in Matar ki Kheti hinges on providing the plants with adequate sunlight

To maximize Matar yield, ensure plants receive 6 to 8 hours of direct sunlight daily. Inadequate sunlight leads to weak, spindly plants with fewer pods. Optimal sunlight is crucial for robust growth and a plentiful harvest in pea farming.


To make the most out of your Matar ki Kheti, using the right growing medium is essential.

Pea plants prefer light, well-draining soil that is high in organic matter. The ideal soil pH for peas is between 6.0 and 7.0. Incorporate plenty of compost, aged manure, and other organic matter into the soil prior to planting.

Peas need plenty of nitrogen for healthy growth, so choose a fertilizer with a high amount of nitrogen or use a nitrogen-rich organic amendment such as alfalfa meal or blood meal.


Soil should be kept moist but not soggy, as too much water can cause root rot. Pea plants should be watered deeply and evenly around the root zone, using a hose or a watering can.

During hotter weather, water more frequently, making sure to water the soil rather than the foliage.

Temperature and Humidity

Keep the plants in the temperature range of 18-35°C and require moderate humidity levels of around 40-60%.

Matar ki Kheti – Care



Pea plants benefit from nitrogen-rich fertilizers, such as a 10-10-10 fertilizer. If you have an organic garden, you can use a fish emulsion or even manure tea. Make sure to follow the directions on the package for proper application rates.

Pests and Diseases

Pests: Aphids, leafhoppers, cutworms, flea beetles, thrips

Diseases: Fusarium wilt, powdery mildew, root rot, mosaic virus, bacterial blight, pea enation virus, pea aphid-borne mosaic virus.

Try to use only organic measures to get rid of the infestation, such as a strong spray of water or spraying the plant with neem oil or insecticides.

Matar ki Kheti – Harvesting

Harvesting peas is a straightforward process that entails cutting the plants down to the ground. Collect the pods, and then shell the peas. It’s essential to harvest when the pods are plump and before they become over-mature. Over-mature pods result in tough, mealy, and bitter-tasting peas. Dispose of or compost the vines accordingly.

Matar ki Kheti – Storage

It is advisable to sell them the moment you harvest them, as fresh pods taste the best. 

Check out How to do Strawberry Farming also 

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