Wonder what makes India the largest producer and exporter of the king of fruits? Find out about the largest Mango producing state in India!
What are Mangoes?
Mango or Mangifera indica is a drupe fruit, native to South Asia. It is the national fruit of India, often called Aam in Hindi. The mangoes are very popular for their savory taste and can be eaten in raw, ripe, and cooked form. It has many culinary uses in all its forms in India right from pickles, cuisines to sweet dishes. Besides, the fruit has various other productive uses in skin and health treatment. Mangoes are rich in vitamin C and fibers, which can help in maintaining cholesterol and gut health. Furthermore, the peels and pulp of mangoes have many uses in skin treatment and cosmetics as well. Let’s find out the Largest Mango Producing state in India.
Mangoes in India
India is the largest producer of Mango in the world. Moreover, it accounts for almost half of the total production of mangoes across the globe! There are many varieties of mangoes that are available throughout the country. Types such as Alphonso/Hapus, Dasheri, langra, Pairi, Badami, Chausa, Malda, Totapuri, Kesar are favorite among Indians. It produces mangoes not only for domestic use but exports the fruit to various other countries as well!
Climatic Conditions for Growing Mangoes
The tropical and subtropical climate of India makes a right home for mangoes to grow. Deep, well-drained, porous alluvial or loamy soil, with a pH of 5.5 -7.5, is best for their cultivation. The ideal temperature should be around 24°-30° C. They can survive in areas with both high and average rainfalls, though rainfall during the fruiting can be harmful. In addition to all this, Mangoes require dry and humid conditions to fruit. The period of growing Mangoes differs in different climatic zones in India. So, the cultivation time ranges from February to September.
Largest Mango Producing State in India
Mangoes are produced in all parts of India, and almost all the states grow them for domestic use. The commercial cultivation, however, takes place in Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal, Karnataka, Kerala, Bihar, and Uttar Pradesh. Other states that grow Mango in India are Madhya Pradesh, Kerala, Haryana, Punjab, etc.
The largest Mango producing state in India is Uttar Pradesh. It produces mangoes from June- August. One of the significantly popular varieties of Mango, also the largest selling, Dusheri, comes from here. Uttar Pradesh, with its humid subtropical climate, is best suited for the production of mangoes. Furthermore, it is the heart of the Indo-Gangetic plain that provides ideal water and soil conditions to the crop.