Mango Propagation is easy and using this method, you can enjoy fresh mangoes every season! Learn the tips on How to Grow a Mango Tree!
Native to India, Mangoes are available in umpteen varieties with distinctive fragrance and flavors that are relished by every one. If you too want to enjoy its fresh harvest, right at your home, then you can grow its tree using these easy Mango Propagation methods!
Botanical Name: Mangifera indica
Common Names: Aam, Ambo, Mamidi, Ma
Here are some of the best Mango varieties in India
Mango Propagation / How to Grow a Mango Tree
You can grow mangoes in the following ways:
In grafting, the budding part of the mature tree known as scion is cut and joined onto a separate sapling known as rootstock. Generally, two popular grafting methods, known as Wedge and Veneer are popular.
- The scion should be semi-hard, 10-12 cm long, with active buds.
- The diameter of the scion should be almost equal to the diameter of the rootstock.
- For best results, do grafting during the warm days of March and April.
- Regularly monitor and remove any bud that grows below the grafted portion.
Note: Use fresh scion for the best results.
By Wedge Grafting
Scion: Cut a scion with active buds from a mature tree. Peel one end of the scion in a slanted manner, giving it a wedge shape.
Rootstock: Using a knife, snip off the upper part of the rootstock and make a 2 -3 cm vertical cut along the stem, so as to split it in two.
Now, try to insert the scion in between the rootstock slit, to join the cambium layers of both. Using a grafting tape, bind the joint area and wrap it in a ziplock bag. After 3-4 weeks, inspect the grafting and if it starts sprouting and producing new leaves, remove the ziplock bag. After, 7-8 weeks, you can take off the grafted tape as well.
Note: For detailed information on Wedge Grafting, you can check this guide
By Veneer Grafting
Scion: Choose one with no active leaf growth. To snip-it from the mother tree, make a sharp, and shallow cut in a slanted way on one side to expose its cambium layer.
Rootstock: Similarly, make a shallow and slant cut on the rootstock stem of the same length as of scion, along with a small cut at the base to remove the bark and wood.
Now, fix the scion chip on to the rootstock cut area. Try to align the scion chip on the rootstock layer and tie them with grafting tape and put it in a plastic ziplock bag. After 10-12 days, it’ll be ready to plant.
Note: For detailed information on Veneer Grafting, you can check this guide
Note: It is always a good idea to get a ready plant from a nursery or a garden center.
Mango Tree Care
- The plant grows best in well-draining, deep and fertile soil with a pH between 4.5 and 7. Enrich the soil using cow dung manure or compost before planting.
- Grow the tree during July-August in the rainy areas and from February to March in the places with low rainfall.
- Water it deeply and regularly but make sure to let the top inches of the soil dry out before the next watering.
- Both the sapling and mature trees should be fed with nitrogen-rich fertilizer twice a year. One, after the fruiting period in June and July, and second in October. Always check the label for dosage and instructions.