10 Top Gardening Tips for Beginners in India

Last Updated: 19.10.2023
Dhruvdeep Singh
Written by
Meet Dhruv, a writer and nature lover from Amritsar, Punjab, who fell in love with gardening during the lockdown. With a B.Tech in Computer Science and over four years of writing experience, he brings a tech-savvy perspective to gardening. Dhruv's articles are a journey into the world of plants, offering exciting adventures for fellow nature enthusiasts.

Newbie in the world of gardening? Don’t worry! We have some really helpful Gardening Tips for Beginners that will help you out.

If you are new to growing plants and want to get the right guide, we have some great Gardening Tips for Beginners that will help you just right!

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Gardening Tips for Beginners

1. Choose the Right Spot

Gardening Tips for Beginners

The right location is the key to successful gardening, as almost every plant thrives best in bright light. Arrange the plants according to their sunlight needs and ensure that the spot receives at least 5-6 hours of sunlight.

2. Remove the Weeds

The very first step for preparing a garden is to free the space from debris, rocks, and weeds. Eliminating weeds is necessary as they compete with the plants for nutrients and suppress their growth. For removing weeds, you will require a couple of tools like a spade, trowel, and garden fork.

3. Work on the Soil

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Before planting, examine the soil quality first. You can enrich the soil quality by supplementing it with well-rotted, or organic compost.

4. Decide the Watering Schedule

A gardening hose or watering can be used for watering purposes. If the tap water is hard, then let it stand overnight before watering. Poke finger 1-inch deep in the topsoil and water if it feels dry.

5. Go for Organic Fertilizer

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Prefer organic fertilizer over chemical ones for enriching plant with nutrients. Go for organic feed like compost or cow dung manure. You can also make your own organic compost with the help of banana peels, vegetable scraps, shredded grass, and leaves.

6. Mulch!

Mulching helps in maintaining soil moisture and also keeps pests at bay. You can go for grass clippings, shredded leaves, or even pine straw for this purpose.

7. Companion Planting

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Companion planting allows using small space creatively. Vegetables like carrots, celery, onions, lettuce, marigold, parsley, and spinach are planted in pairs as companion plants.

8. Prune Regularly

Pruning and deadheading encourage healthy growth in plants. The flowering shrub should be pruned during springs before it sets new buds, whereas, the vegetable plants can be pruned during late winter or early spring for healthy crop growth.

Also, remove dead, broken, or criss-cross branches periodically.

9. Go for Container Gardening

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The easiest and ideal way of gardening is growing plants in containers. You can grow anything ranging from vegetables, herbs, flowers, or shrubs.

10. Keep Pests at Bay

Many plants are susceptible to pest infestation, so if you spot any signs, then the application of neem oil solution will do the trick. Alternatively, you can also mix neem oil, water, and a few drops of dish soap, and spray this solution on the plant every two weeks to deter the pests.

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