20 Different Types of Gourds in India {with Pictures}

Last Updated: 28.06.2024
Dhruvdeep Singh
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Gourds, like roti or rice, are also a staple food in India. Here’s everything you need to learn about Different Types of Gourds in India.

India is a land of amazing flavors, and you know what plays a starring role in many dishes? Gourds! Yep, those bumpy, curvy things that grow on vines. But here’s the thing–there are tons of different gourd varieties, each with its own unique taste and look. Here are the best ones you can find.

Different Types of Gourds in India

1. Bottle Gourd (Lagenaria siceraria)

Indian Names: Lauki, Doodhi, Surakkai, Pechura, Sorakkaya, Sorekayi, Ladu, Tumada, Tiktalabu

It gets its name due to its thick, bottle-like appearance. Bottle Gourd is an annual climbing vine known to have multiple health benefits. It is beneficial for gut and heart health, instrumental in weight loss, and makes an excellent post-workout drink. Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, and Madhya Pradesh are leading producers of Bottle gourd in India.

2. Bitter Gourd (Momordica charantia)

Indian Names: Karala, Karelu, Karela, Kathilla, Poraru, Haagalakaay, Kaaraate, Kayppa, Pavaykka, Karon akhabi, Ambalem, Karali, Karelo, Changkha, Kaarvellakah, Kathillah, Paraaru, Sushavi, Urdhvaasitah, Iraca-valli, Pagakkai, Kakara

Karela is named as it originated in Kerala. It is a tropical or subtropical vine of the gourd family. This gourd is helpful in weight loss and aids blood purification. It also helps manage gut health and strengthens the immune system.

3. Sponge Gourd (Luffa cylindrica)

Indian Names: Ghia Torai, Palo, Neyangnattakolu, Bhatkakrel, Aibhi, Thuppada Heere

This round and rigged gourd has various medicinal uses in Ayurveda. Besides blood purification and skin treatment, it is also helpful in curing inflammation and constipation. You can also grow it as a decorative plant in your garden. Uttar Pradesh and Punjab are avidly producing Sponge gourd.

4. Ridge Gourd (Luffa acutangula)

Indian Names: Tita dhundul, Kadvi ghisodi, Ban turai, Kahihireya balli, Kodu ghosale, Kattu peechil, Kattu peechinga, Divali, Kadu-dodaki , Jalini, Tikta-koshataki , Akaca-veni, Tittakocataki, Adavi bira, Chedu bira, Verri bira

Ridge gourds are one of the most loved types of gourds in India. They are used in various ways in the cuisines of different states. These gourds are firm and have ridges all over them, hence the name. They aid in diabetes, digestion, and weight loss.

5. Pointed Gourd (Trichosanthes dioica)

Indian Names: Patol Patola, Parval, Kaadu Padaval, Kadu padavala, Kayi Parval, Patola, Lulka, Tikta, Panduka, Kambupudalai, Kommu Potla, Chedu Potla

The Pointed Gourd is a green gourd with white stripes. Native to the Indian continent, it is a great medicine for various diseases. Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, and Uttar Pradesh are major producers of Pointed gourds. Here is how to grow it easily.

6. Snake Gourd (Trichosanthes cucumerina)

Indian Names: Chachinda, Chichonda, Adla Balli, Adla kaayi, Bettada padavala, Padavalanga, Kaippam-patolam, Jangli padavala, Amritaphala, Bijagarbha, Pudalankaai, Alakaipputal, Potlakaaya, Adavi potla

These gourds are long and slender in shape, packed with vitamins and minerals, and a great source of energy. Their body is dark green and is covered in light green/white markings. They are an important part of Maharashtrian cuisine.

7. Ash Gourd (Benincasa hispida)

Indian Names: Petha, Pethakaddu, Torobot, Kohla, Neer Poosanikai, Kumbalanga, Gummadikaaya, Budekumbalakayi, Boodu Gumbala, Kumra, Chalkumra, Komora, Brihatphala, Ghrinavasa, Gramyakarkati, Karkaru

Apart from its culinary uses, Ash gourd serves multiple purposes. Highly packed with nutrients, it helps combat acidity and stomach ulcers and keeps the gut healthy. Furthermore, due to its anticoagulant properties, it can help prevent internal bleeding. The climate of the northern Indian states is great for growing Ash gourds.

8. Ivy Gourd (Coccinia grandis)

Indian Names: Kundru, Tondli, Kovai, Kova, Donda kaya, Tondikay, Telakucha, Ban-kundri, Bimbika

Ivy gourd is a tropical vine plant that grows mainly in the southern states of India. It serves many health purposes, including preventing obesity, improving digestion, increasing metabolism, and strengthening the immune system. Moreover, it can help regulate blood sugar levels. We have a guide on growing it here.

9. Spine Gourd (Momordica dioica)

Indian Names: Ban karela, Kartoli, Katwal, Avandhya, Agakara, Kikoda

It is available in India, mostly during the monsoon season. Besides being rich in proteins and vitamins, it has very few calories, thus serving as an excellent diet food. Plus, the commercial cultivation of Spine gourd happens in the states of Uttar Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Orrisa, and Maharashtra.

10. Apple Gourd (Praecitrullus fistulosus)

Indian Names: Tinda, Dhemase, Bimbi, Kondvalli, Tendli

This easy-to-digest vegetable is one of the favorites in India. Eating apple gourds has many health benefits. They are an excellent diet for diabetes patients, help boost the immune system, and slow down the aging process. Apple gourds can be grown throughout the year.

11. Cucumber (Cucumis sativus)

Cucumber in the garden

Indian Names: Khira, Thabi, Kankri, Vellarikkay, Vellari, Dosakaya, Soutekayi, Kakudi Trapushpa, Kantakilata

Cucumber is a highly nutritious vegetable with hundreds of benefits. It is a healthy food and has various other uses in skin treatment and medicines. No salad is complete without cucumbers. Moreover, its high water content and low calorie count make it a favorite of weight watchers.

12. Indian Gourd (Lagenaria siceraria)

Indian Names: Tinda, Dhemase, Kukuraikku, Peerkangaai, Telakucha, Kovakkai, Thokkudu, Tindora

These gourds, locally called Tinda, are small round vegetables that are green or white in color and slightly flattened. They are believed to have originated in India and are really popular in North Indian cuisine.

13. Teasle Gourd (Momordica dioica)

Indian Name: Kakrol, Kantola, Bhutunga, Nenua, Kankoda, Tinkal, Bhat Karela, Kankri
Kakrol, or Teasle gourd, is a small and spiny vegetable that grows well in tropical and subtropical climates throughout the country. These gourd types are also rich in flavonoids like beta-carotene, which are good for your health.

14. White Gourd (Benincasa hispida)

Indian Names: Petha, Safed Petha, Kumbalanga, Boodida Gummadi Kaaya, Neer Poosanikai, Boodu Kakkarikka, Kashi Phal, Pethakaddu, Bhopala

White gourds are larger and more of an oblong-shaped veggie of the gourd family. They’re light green or white and often covered in a waxy coating that makes the skin shine. Inside, their flesh is white and has a mildly sweet taste and a crunchy texture.

15. Green Gourd (Lagenaria siceraria)

Indian Names: Torai, Peerkangai, Jhinga, Heerakai, Beerakai, Dodka, Ghia Tori, Ghosavala

Green gourds are also found here. They are long and cylindrical in shape. They’re known for smooth, dark green skin with ridges running along the length and spongy white flesh inside. They have a mild taste, but it’s really refreshing–that’s why it’s popular in chutneys.

16. Indian Marrow Gourd (Cucurbita pepo)

Indian Names: Ghiya Tori, Churakkai, Beera Kaaya, Peerkangai, Dhunduli, Kadu Mavinkai, Kaduu

Another of the best gourds found in India is the Indian Marrow gourd. It has smooth skin that’s dark and covered in tiny white specs. It’s a versatile vegetable used in stir-fries, curries, and soups, where it pairs well with spices and other ingredients.

17. Hedgehog Gourd (Cucumis dipsaceus)

Indian Names: Kantola, Karchikai, Kankoda, Kakrol, Mayakka, Bhankatiya, Turiya, Nune Vankaya

The Hedgehog gourd, or prickly cucumber, is a type of gourd native to Southeast Asia. Its green, spiky exterior resembles a hedgehog—hence the name! The inside flesh is light green and can be eaten raw or cooked.

18. Long Gourd (Lagenaria siceraria)

Indian Names: Sorakaya, Dudhi, Sorekai, Lau, Suraikkai, Churakka

The Long gourd has a long, slender shape that can grow up to 2 feet long! Their smooth, light green skin hides a mild-flavored white flesh that’s enjoyed in many cuisines around the world.

19. Wax Gourd (Benincasa hispida)

Indian Names: Petha, Kumbalanga, Boodida Gummadikaya, Kalyana Poosanikai, Kohla, Padavalanga, Pethakaddu, Petha Kumbalakayi

Wax Gourd has a whitish, waxy coating. This protective layer helps store it for months, making it a valuable winter veggie. In India, it’s known for its cooling properties and is used in Ayurvedic medicine. You’ll find it in sweet treats like petha in the north or savory curries and stews nationwide.

20. Hog Plum (Spondias mombin)

Indian Names: Amra, Amte Kai, Vilayati Imli, Vadakapuli, Amrataka, Ambade

Hog Plum is counted among different gourd types but is actually a fruit native to the country. It is small, about the size of a golf ball, and slightly oval. It’s popular in refreshing drinks like sherbets and juices. They’re commonly grown in Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Andhra, and Maharashtra.

9 thoughts on “20 Different Types of Gourds in India {with Pictures}”

  1. Hello
    Can someone please tell me the difference between Ash Gourde amd Bottle Gourde?

    I want to buy Ash Gourde powder but it all seems to be Bottle Goirde that is for sale in powder form

    Can you recommend where I can buy this from please
    I live in the UK
    I really need this for my health amd the real fruit is too messy amd time consuming
    Thank you

    • Ash gourd is huge and is called pumpkin but bottle gourd is more slender, they are two different gourds.Ash gourd juice has a lot of health benefits.


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