Famous for its medicinal properties, Ghrit Kumari is a popular plant in India. Have a look at the Best Ways to Care for Aloe Vera at Home.
Aloe vera is a must addition to any gardener’s house or garden, thanks to its immense health benefits, topical uses, and medicinal properties. If you already have one, here are the Best Ways to Care for Aloe Vera at Home.
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How to Care for Aloe Vera Plants at Home
1. When and How to Water
Aloe vera has fleshy leaves that retain water. Water the aloe plant deeply and then wait till the topsoil goes dry before watering again. The plant can tolerate water stress, but overwatering will kill it.
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2. Sunlight Exposure
Aloe vera appreciates 4-6 hours of full sunlight to thrive happily. Its color also intensifies the full sun exposure. A southern or west-facing window at home is a great spot to keep it.
Note: Avoid taking the plant directly from shade to full sunlight. Slowly acclimate it to the light change, as sudden sun exposure may burn its leaves.
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3. Best Soil
Aloe vera prefers well-draining and aerated soil and does best in a cactus or succulent mix. You can also DIY this easily by mixing 2-parts of gravel sand, 3-parts of potting soil, and 1-part of perlite or pumice.
4. Suitable Temperature
The aloe plant can dwell in a wide range of temperatures from 10-30C. For indoors, 15-24C is the optimum temperature range.
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Aloe vera should be re-potted every 2-3 years in a larger pot than the previous one with the fresh potting mix. A baby aloe plant takes 2-4 years to grow as large as its parent size.
Feed your aloe vera with a balanced fertilizer, at half the strength, once in 2-3 months. You can also use a light dose of manure tea and diluted fish emulsion. Avoid over-fertilization as it may cause root burn.
Note: Avoid using granular fertilizer for aloe plants, and always water the soil thoroughly before feeding.
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7. Pest and Diseases
Aloe vera is most susceptible to root, fungal stem, and leaf rot due to stagnant water. The sign to spot for overwatering is brown, droopy leaves, and translucent color of leaves.
Avoid overwatering the plant and discard the infected leaves—re-pot the plant with fresh soil after drying it in the sun in case of root rot. The pests can be handpicked or washed away with a strong jet of water.