Want to grow nutritious and tasty veggies in containers? Here is an exclusive list of 20 Best Vegetables to Grow in Pots in India!
Container gardening is a rising trend and comes with plenty of benefits. It is easy, requires no heavy equipment or land investment, and allows you to grow food on the balcony and terraces. Want to grow nutritious veggies at home? Have a look at the Best Vegetables to Grow in Pots in India!
Check out our article on best rainy season veggies in India here
Best Vegetables to Grow in Pots in India
Indian Name: Tamatar
Botanical Name: Solanum lycopersicum
Tomatoes are productive in containers and need bright sunlight and well-draining, moist soil to do well. Tomatoes grow all year round in India.
Indian Name: Indian Lettuce
Botanical Name: Lactuca sativa
Lettuce is a green leafy veggie loaded with vitamins, fibers, and minerals. Lettuce is ideal to grow in small, shady places due to its partial sun requirements. Prefer winter season to grow lettuce in India.
Indian Name: Faliya
Botanical Name: Phaseolus vulgaris
Beans can be a great addition to your balcony vegetable garden. The busy variety grows well in a container without any support while the climbing variety needs a trellis for a backup.
4. Peppers and Chilies
Indian Name: Shimla Mirch, Mirchi
Botanical Name: Capsicum annuum Group
You can easily grow peppers and chilies in a container. They thrive well in sunlight and get ready to harvest after two-three months of transplanting.
Indian Name: Mooli
Botanical Name: Raphanus sativus
Radishes grow fast and do well even in the smallest pots and are ready to harvest in just one month. You can grate, slice, or dice the radish to enhance the flavor of curries and salad.
Indian Name: Aloo
Botanical Name: Solanum tuberosum
Growing potatoes in pots are organic and taste better than the ones brought from supermarkets. To grow them well, place the pot in a position where it receives atleast six to eight hours of sunlight.
Indian Name: Gajar
Botanical Name: Daucus carota subsp. sativus
The small varieties of carrots do well in containers. You need to place the container in a sunny location and make sure to water them regularly.
Indian Name: Kheera
Botanical Name: Cucumis sativus
Cucumbers are water-loving plants and thrive well in large pots in full sun. These refreshing veggies require regular watering and fertilizer enriched soil. You can also grow them vertically.
Indian Name: Baingan
Botanical Name: Solanum melongena
Also known by the other names like eggplants, brinjals are sun-loving plants and easy to grow in pots. You will need atleast 10-12 inches deep large container and avoid overwatering to grow them.
Indian Name: Kanda
Botanical Name: Allium cepa
Onion is one of the best vegetables to grow in pots in India. Just make sure to place the pot in a well-lit location.
Indian Name: Palak
Botanical Name: Spinacia oleracea
Spinach comes loaded with essential nutrients and is an ideal veggie for salads and soups. Growing it in pots is easy and it also requires less maintenance.
Indian Name: Matar
Botanical Name: Pisum sativum
Peas pair well with most of the vegetables in India. You can grow the smaller varieties of peas easily in pots. They grow fast and require full sunlight and frequent watering.
13. Bottle Gourd
Indian Name: Lauki
Botanical Name: Lagenaria siceraria
Bottle gourd is a healthy, low-calorie vegetable with a delicate flavor. Take a large pot to grow them and place it in a bright location and do regular watering.
14. Ivy Gourd
Indian Name: Kundru
Botanical Name: Coccinia grandis
Ivy Gourd does well in cool climatic conditions. To grow it in container plant the seedlings in a small pot. Once the seedlings start growing, transplant to a large container.
15. Drumstick Tree
Indian Name: Moringa
Botanical Name: Moringa oleifera
It is possible to grow the dwarf variety of Moringa easily in large pots. You can also grow them for their leaves as the plant is considered as ‘Super-food.’ The drumsticks get ready to harvest between 6-12 months.
Indian Name: Kathahal
Botanical Name: Artocarpus heterophyllus
You will need a large pot to plant jackfruit and place it in a bright location. Go for a dwarf variety and prune the tree to keep the growth in check.
Indian Name: Arbi
Botanical Name: Colocasia
The leaves and roots of taro are edible and make a great addition to curries, cakes, and soups. Taro plants thrive well in large pots.
18. Button Mushroom
Indian Name: Kukurmutta
Botanical Name: Agaricus bisporus
Button mushroom is a popular mushroom variety grown in India, mainly in the winter season. Remember to grow in dark, cool, and humid areas like kitchen or bathroom cabinets.
Indian Name: Bhindi
Botanical Name: Abelmoschus esculentus
Growing Okra in containers offers two amazing benefits. First, it produces a fresh harvest of tasty bhindis, ideal for making delicious curries. Second, it blooms delightful and beautiful okra flowers!
20. Bitter Gourd
Indian Name: Karela
Botanical Name: Momordica charantia
You can grow these tropical vines easily in medium-sized containers with drainage holes. Also, avoid overwatering as it can result in root rot.