11 Best Vegetable Plants for Balcony in India

Last Updated: 17.10.2023

Do not let the limited space of your apartment stop you from growing greens! Check out the Best Vegetable Plants for Balcony that you can grow easily!

A balcony is one of the overlooked corners that can be converted into a mini vegetable garden! If you live in an apartment or a studio, try growing these Best Vegetable Plants for Balcony!

Have a look at the best plants for a balcony garden here

Best Vegetable Plants for Balcony

1. Tomato

Best Vegetable Plants for Balcony

Botanical Name: Solanum lycopersicum

Go for determinate varieties for growing tomatoes in pots, as they are easy to manage, need minimal support, grow up to a fixed size, and ripen within a short span.

Here are the best secrets to grow tomatoes in India

2. Radish

Botanical Name: Raphanus sativus

Radish is an integral part of the salad platter. This root vegetable can easily thrive in a container, provided with abundant sunlight, regular watering, and periodic feeding.

3. Peas

Best Vegetable Plants for Balcony 2

Botanical Name: Pisum sativum

Peas are a must addition to pulav and matar paneer. It is advisable to go for dwarf and short varieties for container gardening. Do not forget to provide support!

4. Chilli

Botanical Name: Capsicum annuum

Indian savory recipes are incomplete without the desi tadka of green chilis. You can grow chilli plant in your balcony, but make sure to locate it at the sunniest spot!

Learn all about growing green chilies in India here

5. Beans

Best Vegetable Plants for Balcony 3

Botanical Name: Phaseolus vulgaris

Beans are a rich source of protein, fiber, folate, iron, potassium, and magnesium. Pole and bush beans are well-suited to container gardening. Provide support and plenty of sunlight.

Have a look at the best types of beans in India here

6. Cucumber

Botanical Name: Cucumis sativus

Cucumber contains 90% water, making it a great salad for promoting hydration and better digestion. It will do well at a spot that gets 3-4 hours of sunlight. Water the plant well and provide support.

Zucchini vs cucumber vs eggplants. Know the difference here

7. Carrot

Best Vegetable Plants for Balcony 4

Botanical Name: Daucus carota subsp. sativus

Carrots go well in several dishes spanning from salads, pickles, biryani, and pudding.  Go for varieties like Romeo, Tonda di parigi, and Little finger for container gardening.

Here are the best secrets to grow root vegetables

8. Eggplant


Botanical Name: Solanum melongena

This vegetable plays a starry role in began ka bharta, and bharva began. Eggplants are fond of warmth and bountiful light, so any sunlit spot on your balcony will keep this plant happy.

9. Beetroot

Best Vegetable Plants for Balcony 5

Botanical Name: Beta vulgaris

Beetroot has an earthy taste with a subtle bitter undertone. Soil rich in organic matter and plenty of sunlight stimulates prolific growth.

10. Onion

Botanical Name: Allium cepa

You can grow spring or bulb onions both in the container of your balcony. You can also cultivate them in railing planers! Use a well-draining growing medium, mulch the plants to retain moisture, and provide plenty of sunlight.

11. Potatoes

Best Vegetable Plants for Balcony 6

Botanical Name: Solanum tuberosum

Full sunlight for six to eight hours and adequate watering are prime factors to grow potatoes in the balcony successfully. For containers, you should go for early potato varieties as they mature quickly.

Watch this video for more information

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