The Yellow Gulmohar tree can be a spectacular addition to any garden! Here are all the details to grow it easily.
While the common perception of Gulmohar is associated with its red blossoms, Yellow Gulmohar tree features vibrant yellow flowers, adding a unique touch to its beauty.
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Yellow Gulmohar Tree Information
The Yellow Gulmohar tree, also known as the Yellow Flamboyant or the Yellow Flame tree, is scientifically known as Peltophorum pterocarpum. It belongs to the Fabaceae family, also known as the legume family.
The Yellow Gulmohar tree is a tropical tree that can grow up to 15-25 meters (50-80 feet) tall. It is known for its bright yellow flowers, which are produced in large inflorescences. The leaves are large and fern-like, and the fruit is a pod that contains the seeds.
Yellow Gulmohar tree is native to tropical Southeastern Asia and Northern Australia. It is particularly common in countries like India, Malaysia, and the Philippines.
In addition to its ornamental use in parks and gardens due to its impressive blooms, the Yellow Gulmohar tree is also used for various practical purposes. Its wood is used in construction, and it can also be used to make charcoal. The bark of the tree has been used in traditional medicine. The tree is also used for shade and as a windbreak, and it can help with soil conservation.
Despite the common name “Yellow Gulmohar,” this tree is not a true Gulmohar, which is a name usually reserved for the Delonix regia tree known for its flamboyant red or orange flowers. The name is sometimes used for the Yellow Flamboyant because of its similarly showy blooms.
How to Grow Yellow Gulmohar Tree?
To grow a Yellow Gulmohar tree from seeds, you can follow these steps:
- Obtain fresh seeds from mature Yellow Gulmohar tree pods. The pods are long, woody, and brown and contain seeds. Wait for the pods to turn dry and brittle before collecting them.
- Place the Yellow Gulmohar tree seeds in a container and soak them in warm water overnight. This will soften the seed coat and promote germination.
- Fill a nursery pot or tray with a well-draining potting mix. Create small depressions in the soil, about 1 inch deep. Place one seed in each depression, and then cover it with soil, gently pressing it down.
- After sowing the seeds, water the potting mix thoroughly to ensure proper moisture. Avoid overwatering, as excessive moisture can lead to fungal diseases in Yellow Gulmohar tree. Maintain slightly moist soil throughout the germination period.
- Place the container in a warm, sunny location with indirect sunlight. The ideal temperature for germination is around 25-30°C. Germination typically takes 1-3 weeks, but it can vary.
- Once the Yellow Gulmohar tree seedlings have grown to a height of around 6-8 inches and have developed a few true leaves, they can be transplanted into individual pots or outdoors in a prepared planting site. Choose a location with well-draining soil and ample sunlight.
- These trees grow relatively fast, but reaching their full size and producing flowers still takes time. With proper care, your Yellow Gulmohar tree will eventually develop its characteristic yellow blossoms, adding beauty to your garden or landscape.
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Requirements to Grow Yellow Gulmohar Tree
Yellow Gulmohar trees thrive in full sun. They require at least 6-8 hours of direct sunlight daily for optimal growth and flowering. Ensure the planting location provides ample sunlight, as insufficient light can lead to weak growth and reduced flowering.
These trees prefer well-draining soil that is rich in organic matter. The ideal soil pH ranges from slightly acidic to neutral. Loamy or sandy soils are suitable for these trees.
Ensure good drainage, as waterlogged soil can lead to root rot in Yellow Gulmohar trees.
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Watering is crucial during the early stages of growth in Yellow Gulmohar tree. Keep the soil consistently moist but not soggy. Water the tree deeply and thoroughly, allowing the water to penetrate the root zone. Reduce watering during the dormant or cooler months to prevent waterlogging and root issues.
Yellow Gulmohar trees prefer a warm and tropical climate. They thrive in temperatures between 20-35°C. They can tolerate moderate cold temperatures but may suffer damage or dieback if exposed to freezing temperatures for prolonged periods.
Yellow Gulmohar Tree Care
Fertilizing the Yellow Gulmohar tree helps promote healthy growth and abundant flowering. Apply a balanced slow-release fertilizer, such as a 10-10-10 or 14-14-14 formulation, during the growing season.
Avoid over-fertilization, as it can lead to excessive foliage growth at the expense of flowering.
Pruning is beneficial for Yellow Gulmohar trees to maintain their shape, remove dead or damaged branches, and improve airflow within the canopy. Prune the tree during the dormant period or after flowering.
Remove any crossed or rubbing branches and thin out crowded areas. Pruning can also be done to control the tree size if needed.
Pests and Diseases
Regular tree inspection for signs of infestation and appropriate insecticide treatments can help control these pests. Ensure good sanitation and avoid overwatering to prevent fungal diseases like root rot and powdery mildew.