Learn How to grow Peltophorum Pterocarpum. Discover the best soil, water, and light requirements for a healthy growth of this tree.
Whether you’re an experienced gardener or just starting out with your own green thumb, this post will offer you some valuable insights on how to succeed with Peltophorum Pterocarpum plant.
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About Peltophorum Pterocarpum
Peltophorum pterocarpum, or the copperpod tree, is native to India and grows naturally in different regions of the country. It is commonly found in northern, central, and western India, including states like Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Rajasthan, Gujarat, and Maharashtra.
Peltophorum Pterocarpum thrives in hot and dry climates, making it well-suited for the Indian climate. The tree is often seen along roadsides, in parks, and gardens, adding vibrant yellow flowers to the landscape.
It has a straight trunk and a spreading, umbrella-like crown. The leaves are compound with 6-9 leaflets, and it produces large clusters of bright yellow flowers in the spring and summer. Peltophorum pterocarpum typically reaches a height of 10-15 meters (33-49 feet) when fully mature. It has a spreading canopy and a rounded crown. The trunk is usually short and stout.
The copper pod is a popular tree for landscaping and urban greening due to its attractive appearance and tolerance to urban pollution and drought. Additionally, its wood is valued for its strength, durability, and resistance to termite damage, making it a useful timber tree.
Common Names: Yellow Flame, Jemerlang Laut, golden shower tree, Yellow Flamboyant, Jamerelang, Balai, Batai, Batai Laut, Yellow Poinciana, Copper Pod, Rusty Shield Bearer, Rusty-shield Tree.
Common Names in Different Languages:
English: Copperpod, Yellow flame tree
Hindi: Peela gulmohar, Pital chhada
Bengali: Sonalu shimul, Peet-nimba
Tamil: Manjal mullumurikku, Panneer kungiliyam
Telugu: Moduga chettu, Peela sampangi
Kannada: Kabbina keshu, Haladi hoovu
Malayalam: Konna, Manjadi
Marathi: Peela chapha, Pitambari
Gujarati: Peela gulmohar, Pitalo chhapdo
Punjabi: Peela gulmohar, Peela sem
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How to Propagate Peltophorum Pterocarpum?
Peltophorum Pterocarpum can be propagated through various methods including seed propagation and stem cuttings. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to propagate this beautiful yellow plant:
Propagation by Seeds:
- Collect mature pods from a healthy Peltophorum Pterocarpum tree.
- Allow the pods to dry out and split open naturally. Collect the seeds from the pods.
- Soak the seeds in warm water for 24 hours to enhance germination.
- Fill seedling trays or small pots with a well-draining potting mix.
- Plant the Peltophorum pterocarpum seeds about 1-2 cm deep into the soil, spacing them apart.
- Keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged.
- Place the trays or pots in a warm and brightly lit location, but protect them from direct sunlight.
- Germination should occur within 2-4 weeks. Once the seedlings have grown a few inches tall and developed several leaves, they can be transplanted into larger pots or into the garden.
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Propagation by Stem Cuttings:
- Take stem cuttings from a mature and healthy Peltophorum Pterocarpum tree during the growing season (spring or early summer).
- Select a 15-20 cm long cutting that has a few nodes and healthy leaves.
- Remove the lower leaves, leaving only a few leaves at the top.
- Dip the cut end of the Peltophorum Pterocarpum stem in a rooting hormone powder or gel (optional but recommended).
- Fill a small pot with a well-draining potting mix or a mix of perlite and peat moss.
- Make a small hole in the soil and insert the cutting, burying it about 2-3 cm deep.
- Gently firm the soil around the cutting to provide stability.
- Water the cutting lightly to settle the soil around it.
- Place the pot in a warm and brightly lit location with indirect sunlight.
- Maintain a warm and humid environment around the cutting to promote rooting. You can cover the pot with a plastic bag or use a mini greenhouse.
- Mist the cutting and the inside of the plastic bag or mini greenhouse regularly to maintain humidity.
- Keep the soil slightly moist but not waterlogged.
- After a few weeks, the cutting should develop roots and can be gradually acclimated to normal growing conditions by removing the plastic bag or mini greenhouse.
Requirements to Grow Peltophorum Pterocarpum
Peltophorum Pterocarpum thrives in full sun, so it requires at least 6-8 hours of direct light each day. Additionally, plant it in a location that receives ample sunlight throughout the day for optimal growth and flowering.
This plant prefers well-draining soil that is fertile and rich in organic matter. Peltophorum pterocarpum can tolerate a wide range of soil types, including sandy or loamy soils.
Ensure good drainage to prevent waterlogging, which can lead to root rot.
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Water newly planted Peltophorum Pterocarpum regularly, keeping the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged. Once established, it is drought-tolerant and can withstand short periods of dryness.
Water deeply and thoroughly, allowing the top inch of soil to dry out between waterings.
Peltophorum Pterocarpum is well-suited to India’s tropical and subtropical climates. It can tolerate a wide range of temperatures, from 15°C to 40°C.
Peltophorum Pterocarpum Care
Feed Peltophorum Pterocarpum with a balanced liquid fertilizer (10-10-10) during the growing season (spring and summer). Follow the package instructions for the appropriate dosage and application method.
Avoid overfertilization, as it can lead to excessive foliage growth with reduced flowering.
Peltophorum Pterocarpum generally requires minimal pruning. However, you can prune to maintain its shape and remove any dead, diseased, or crossing branches.
Prune in late winter or early spring before new growth begins. Avoid heavy pruning, as it can reduce flowering.
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Pests and Diseases
Monitor the plant regularly and treat any infestations with appropriate organic insecticides. Ensure good air circulation around the plant to prevent fungal diseases.