With beautiful and unique flowers, the Burflower tree can be a great addition to your large garden. Here are all the details on How to Grow Kadamba Tree.
Indigenous to Asian countries, Kadamba is a tropical, evergreen tree with upright growth and spreading branches. It is an ornamental and medicinal tree that can grow up to 45 meters once it establishes well. The tree features glossy, opposite green leaves, with globe-shaped flowers coming in clusters during rainy seasons. This yellow-orange inflorescence gives out a pleasant fragrance, attracting pollinators. It also finds extensive uses in perfumery, and decorating women’s coiffures. It also bears edible and slightly acidic fruits. Let’s have a look at How to Grow Kadamba Tree!
Botanical Name: Neolamarckia cadamba
Other Names: Burflower, Laran, Leichhardt pine, Rudrakskamba, Katampu, Vellai
Religious Significance of Kadamba Tree
The tree is considered sacred in India, as it is mentioned in the Hindu text ‘Bhagvad Puran‘. Many ancient verses reveal that Hindu deity Krishna and Radha used to play in the shades of the scented flowering Kadamba tree. It also finds its place in an episode where Krishna steals the clothes of gopi and hides in the tree barks. The tree has a mention in numerous Sanskrit and Hindi stories, painting, poems and artifacts. One of the famous is ‘Yeh Kadamb ka ped agar maa Hota Yamuna tire‘ from Subhadrkumari Chouhan.
Kadamba Tree Propagation
The best way to plant is to purchase the seedling from the local nursery. They have a high survival rate.
The tree grows best from seed sowing. Seeds are first extracted from the fruits, followed by drying and crushing. The process maximizes the germination chances of the seeds. They germinate in 3-4 weeks.
When the seedling is 10-12 weeks old or grows about 5-10 cms, it gets ready to transplant along with rootball. Once they reach about 30 cm height, in 6-8 months, the sapling gets ready to transplant in the garden bed or a field. The tree grows at a faster rate during 6-8 years and starts bearing flowers after 4 years from June to August.
Kadamba Tree Care and Growing Requirements
The tree can grow in a wide variety of soil including sandy, and loamy. It prefers well-draining soil and especially seen growing mostly near river banks in the alluvial soil.
Since the tree grows near river banks, the seedlings prefer slightly consistent wet or moist soil. Water regularly and check the consistency of the soil by poking a 1-inch finger in the soil. Avoid overwatering as it can invite fungal diseases.
The tree grows best when the mean temperature is around 23°c (73° F) with 1,600mm of annual rainfall. The tree dwells in a moist and warm tropic environment and is sensitive to frost and drought.
The younger seedlings need shady areas and protection from the hot sun rays to germinate and develop. Mature plants grow well in a bright spot with semi-shade.
Kadamba Tree Uses
- Apart from attracting pollinators, its fragrant flowers are useful in making an essential oil and Indian perfumery known as attar.
- The timber of the Kadamba tree finds extensive uses in making plywood, paper, crates, furniture, and pencil.
- The extract from the root bark is useful in making yellow dye.
- The fast growth and huge structure of the Kadamba tree find extensive uses in reforestation and windbreaks projects.
- According to Ayurveda and researches, the dried bark and leaves extract helps in relieving fever, ulcer, and digestive problems.