If you want to grow a flowering tree that gets laden with blooms in summers, then read ahead to learn How to Grow Gulmohar Tree!
If you’ve grown up in India, you must be surely familiar with the Delonix Regia Tree. It’s very common to spot this beautiful orange-foliaged tree during the summer months. Its distinctive flowers grow four orange petals, while the fifth petal is slightly bigger, yellow-white spotted and stands upright. Moreover, it grows green leaves that look fern-like. Here is a complete guide on How to Grow Gulmohar Tree in India.
Botanical Name: Delonix Regia
Common Names: May-Flower Tree, Gulmohar, Royal Poinciana, Flamboyant Tree, Flame Tree, Krishnachura, Peacock Flower
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Propagating Gulmohar Tree
For growing the Gulmohar tree from seeds, you’ll have to follow Scarification. It is a process through which we make the seeds more penetrable, allow water to get in easily, and encourage sprouting. You can either soak the seeds in warm water for a few hours before you sow them, or make minor nicks on them using a small clipper and sow immediately.
It is just as effective to grow Gulmohar from stem cuttings. Cut about a foot of a branch that looks fresh, and plant this in the potting mix. This method is the easier one, plus you don’t have to wait for months for the plant to grow. However, it is not always certain if your cutting would propagate. The roots take several months to start growing.
Requirements for Growing Gulmohar Tree
Once the tree grows, the crown would want to spread and require a lot of room, so it’s best to plant Gulmohar in a vast and open space that receives abundant direct sunlight. It needs more than 6 hours of regular daylight.
In addition to this, the tree is shallow-rooted and may not hold well in windstorms, so choose a location where it will be protected from strong winds.
The May-Flower tree grows well in a pH range of 6.5 to 7.5. Ensure that the soil is fertile, well-draining, and above freezing temperatures. In the initial stages of the plant, the soil should be rich in organic compost to help the plant grow.
Water the plant regularly when it is young. Gulmohar tree doesn’t mind getting a bit over-watered. Since its bloom time is in summer, water it more often in summers and reduce the watering frequency in winters. Once established, you don’t have to worry much about the watering requirements.
Temperature & Humidity
Since it is a tropical tree, Gulmohar loves warmth and moisture. It does well in most climates, but it cannot survive drought and frost. It can tolerate temperatures above 7.0℃ with ease and does remarkably well in the hot climate of India.
Caring for Gulmohar Tree
Initially use a balanced feed, once every 3-4 weeks. Once the tree matures, fertilize it annually during the growth season (April-July) with a balanced fertilizer to encourage flowering.
You must prune the plant regularly while it’s in the initial growth years. During this time, the branches are weak, so pruning helps the plant set its roots better. Avoid pruning the tree once it’s fully grown.
Pests & Diseases
Luckily, the Gulmohar doesn’t attract any pests or diseases. But it may draw some insects and animals, which pose no threat to the tree.