Capsicums are a favorite of almost everyone. Learn everything about Capsicums and Capsicum Growing Seasons in India here!
What is Capsicum?
Often named as Shimla Mirch in India, Capsicum or capsicum annuum has various uses as a vegetable but is botanically a fruit. It is native to the Americas. In India, only the non-spicy ones are called capsicum or bell pepper; the spicy varieties, on the other hand, are referred to as chillis. Capsicum makes a key ingredient of multiple dishes in various cuisines. Hence, their cultivation is also not limited to any specific region. Almost all the parts of the world are growing capsicum for their domestic use. Let’s know about the Capsicum Growing Seasons in India.
There are many varieties of capsicum present all over the world. Rich in vitamin C and many nutrients, they come in various colors such as; green, yellow, red, purple, brown, white, and orange.
How to Grow Capsicum?
For capsicum, you can grow seedlings indoors first and transplant them later or directly sow them in your garden. Make sure to properly fertilize your soil with compost and manure before transplanting or sowing your seeds and make it calcium-rich. Besides, these plants do well in slightly acidic and well-draining soil. Keep enough space between two plants and select a spot that receives full sun and lesser winds.
Pests like whiteflies and aphids are very commonly visible in these plants and neem oil can be great for keeping them off. Water your plants often as capsicums are 60% water and require quite an amount to grow well, especially in summers. With proper care, you can enjoy the fruits in two months of the plantation.
You can easily grow capsicums in your private gardens or patios. They are suitable for container gardening as well.
The Capsicum Growing States in India
India is one of the largest producers of capsicum in the world. It not only produces capsicum for its domestic use, but it also exports them to various other countries like Malaysia, Thailand, Sri Lanka, UAE, etc. The states producing capsicum in India are Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Kerala, Andra Pradesh, Maharashtra, West Bengal, Gujrat, and Goa.
Capsicum Growing Seasons in India
The climate that is frost-free, with temperature not going above is 20- 25°C in the days and below 20° in the night time, is ideal for growing healthy capsicum plants. The tropical and subtropical regions in India, such as Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Andra Pradesh, grow it in the winters. Whereas Hilly regions like Himachal Pradesh, which experience colder climates, grow it as a summer crop in the months from March to July.
We can conclude that even though it is a winter crop, there is no specific season to grow capsicum in your garden or farm. In India, farmers grow it throughout the year, with the use of various techniques such as greenhouse farming or indoor farming, to meet the domestic as well as international demand of the crop.