Dasheri Aam is cherished for its delightful taste and is a highlight of the summer season in India. Here’s how to grow it easily at home.
Dasheri Aam is a popular variety of mango known for its sweet and unique flavor. It is one of the most sought-after mango cultivars in India and is grown primarily in the northern parts of the country. They are enjoyed within the country and appreciated by mango enthusiasts globally. Read ahead to learn more!
Dasheri Aam Information
Dasheri Aam originated in the village of Dasheri, near Malihabad in Uttar Pradesh, India. It is a medium to large-sized fruit with an oval shape. They have distinct yellowish-green skin with occasional red blushes on the shoulders. The Dasheri Aam is a medium to large-sized mango tree that typically reaches a height of 10 to 15 meters (30 to 50 feet) when fully grown.
The peak season for Dasheri Aam is typically during June and July in India. They are enjoyed fresh, either sliced or eaten as a whole fruit. They are also used in various culinary applications, such as making mango juices, smoothies, chutneys, and desserts. Due to its exceptional taste and popularity, Dasheri Aam is exported to various countries worldwide.
Botanical Name: Mangifera indica
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How to Grow Dasheri Aam?
Growing Dasheri Aamfrom seeds can be a rewarding experience. Here’s a step-by-step guide to help you get started:
- Obtain fresh Dasheri aam seeds from ripe fruits. After enjoying the mango, clean the seed to remove fruit residues and let it dry for a day or two.
- Prepare a well-draining and fertile potting mix suitable for mangoes. A combination of sand, perlite, and organic compost should work well.
- Fill a planting pot or container with the potting mix. Make a small hole about 2.5 cm deep in the center and place the Dasheri Aam seed inside with the pointed end facing down. Gently cover the seed with soil.
- Place the pot in a warm, sunny location. Mango seeds usually germinate in a few weeks to a few months, so be patient.
- Once the seedling has grown to a few inches tall and has developed a couple of leaves, it’s ready for transplanting.
- Gently remove the seedling from the pot, not damaging its fragile roots. Dig a hole in the ground slightly larger than the seedling’s root ball.
- As the Dasheri Aam grows taller, you may need to prune and shape it to promote a sturdy and well-formed structure.
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Requirements to Grow Dasheri Aam
Dasheri Aam trees thrive in full sunlight and require at least 6 to 8 hours of direct sunlight daily. A sunny location ensures optimal growth and fruit production. Plant your Dasheri Aam tree in an area where it can receive ample sunlight throughout the day.
Well-draining and fertile soil is crucial for the successful growth of mango trees. They prefer sandy-loam soil. The soil should also be rich in organic matter to support healthy growth.
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Mature mango trees are relatively drought-tolerant and require less frequent watering. The key is to keep the soil evenly moist but not soggy—water deeply and infrequently rather than regular shallow watering.
Dasheri Aam thrives in tropical and subtropical climates. They prefer temperatures between 21°C to 35°C during the growing season.
Dasheri Aam Care
Mango trees benefit from regular fertilization to support healthy growth and fruit production. Use a balanced fertilizer with a higher amount of potassium (K) and lower nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) content.
Apply fertilizer in the early spring and again during the fruiting season. Avoid excessive use of nitrogen, as it may promote vegetative growth at the expense of fruiting.
Pruning is essential to maintain the mango tree’s shape and size, promote airflow, and remove diseased or dead branches. Prune young trees to create a strong scaffold structure, and later, prune to remove overcrowded branches or those crossing and rubbing against each other.
Pruning is typically done during the winters, but light pruning can be done throughout the year.
Pests and Diseases
Dasheri aam trees are susceptible to various pests and diseases. Common pests include fruit flies, mango stem borers, aphids, and mealybugs. Regularly inspect your mango tree for signs of infestations and take appropriate measures, such as using organic insecticides or introducing beneficial insects.