Growing Pterocarpus Marsupium in India

Pterocarpus marsupium stands out with its clusters of yellow flowers and is also quite easy to maintain! Here are all the details!

Pterocarpus marsupium
shutterstock/Hamza Ibn Farooq

Pterocarpus marsupium, also popular as the Indian kino tree, is a large deciduous tree native to India and Sri Lanka. Here is some information about this tree and everything you need to know about growing it.

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Pterocarpus marsupium Information

Pterocarpus marsupium is a type of tree native to India and grown in the subcontinent and other parts of Southeast Asia. It is also popular as the Indian Kino Tree and is used medicinally for a variety of ailments.

The tree is a medium-sized deciduous tree that grows up to 70-100 feet tall and has a trunk diameter of up to 60 centimeters. It has light green compound leaves, white flowers, and red-brown pods containing a single seed.

The bark, leaves, and pods of Pterocarpus marsupium are used for medicinal purposes, and the resin from the tree has been used in traditional medicine for centuries. The tree’s extract has anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anti-diabetic, and anti-cancer properties. It is popular to treat ailments such as diabetes, arthritis, skin diseases, and digestive disorders.

The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) classifies the tree as endangered. The tree is threatened by habitat loss, overharvesting for its wood and resin, and grazing by livestock. However, conservation efforts are needed to protect this valuable species due to its endangered status.

How to Grow Pterocarpus Marsupium?

Pterocarpus marsupium is really easy to propagate from seeds and cuttings.

You can plant the seeds directly into the well-draining soil. Water well, and make sure it gets plenty of indirect light. The seeds will germinate in 3-4 weeks.

Using cuttings, cut 5-6 inches long one from a health tree and plant it into a well-draining soil. Water well, and keep it in indirect light. It will form roots in 4-5 weeks.

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Requirements to Grow Pterocarpus Marsupium



Pterocarpus marsupium requires full sunlight to grow well. If you want the best flowers, make sure it gets a minimum of 5-6 hours of direct sunlight every day. Avoid growing it in the complete shade, as the tree won’t flower as much.


The tree grows well in well-draining soil that is slightly acidic to neutral. The pH range should be between 5.5 and 7.5. To ensure it grows well, add plenty of organic matter like vermicompost in the growing medium at the time of planting.


Pterocarpus marsupium requires regular watering, especially during the dry season. The soil should be kept moist but not waterlogged. Overwatering can lead to root rot, so always water the tree when the topsoil feels a little dry to the touch.


The optimal temperature range for growing Pterocarpus Marsupium is between 18-28°C (64-82°F). Temperatures should not drop below 10°C (50°F) and should not exceed 35°C (95°F).

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Pterocarpus Marsupium Care

Pterocarpus marsupium 2


When growing Pterocarpus Marsupium, it is important to fertilize the soil with a balanced fertilizer. A 10-10-10 fertilizer or something close to that ratio is recommended for optimal growth.

Additionally, phosphorus-rich fertilizers are good, as phosphorus is essential for healthy root and stem development. Fish emulsion or compost tea are also beneficial for this species.


Pruning Pterocarpus marsupium is important for maintaining its health and appearance. Do it in the late winter or early spring before new growth begins. Remove dead or damaged branches to reduce overcrowding.

When pruning, use sharp, clean pruning shears, and make sure to avoid cutting too close to the trunk. If a branch is too large, use a saw to cut it off.

Pests and Diseases

The tree is generally resistant to pests and diseases. However, keep an eye on leaf-eating caterpillars, termites, and wood borers. To control pests, use organic pesticides.

Also, the tree may also get leaf spots, rust, and powdery mildew. Proper sanitation practices, such as removing fallen leaves, can help prevent the spread of fungal diseases.

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