How to Grow Prosopis Cineraria | Spunge Tree Care

Last Updated: 27.10.2023

Learn Growing Prosopis Cineraria symbolizes resilience and adaptation in the harsh desert environments where it thrives.

Prosopis Cineraria 1

Growing Prosopis Cineraria, commonly known as the Ghaf tree, is a rewarding endeavor. This hardy and drought-resistant plant thrives in arid regions and plays a vital role in supporting the ecosystem. In this explore, we’ll explore the steps to successfully grow and nurture this resilient tree.

Prosopis Cineraria – Key Facts

NameProsopis Cineraria
Common NamesSpunge tree, Ghaf tree, Jammi, Shami, Khejri Tree and Jand
OriginWestern Asia and the Indian Subcontinent, including Afghanistan, Bahrain, Iran, India, Oman, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, and Yemen.
TypeFlowering Tree
Indoor/ OutdoorBoth
SoilWell – Drained
Temperature 4°C to 28°C
SunlightFull Sunlight
FlowersSmall and creamy-yellow 
Blooming SeasonFlowering starts in January, and reaches in full bloom during February- March.
HeightUp to 16.4 feet

Prosopis Cineraria Information

Prosopis Cineraria can grow up to 16.4 feet in height with a crown spread of up to 32 Feet. It has a deep root system that enables it to survive in arid conditions. They have feathery leaves and produce fragrant small and creamy-yellow flowers that develop into pods containing seeds.

It is well-adapted to arid regions and can grow in poor, rocky soils with low water availability. Prosopis Cineraria is commonly found in Western Asia and the Indian Subcontinent, including Afghanistan, Bahrain, Iran, India, Oman, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, and Yemen.

The seeds are useful to make flour, and the wood is used for fuel and construction. Prosopis Cineraria is also used in landscaping and as a shade tree. The pods of the tree provide food for livestock and nature, and the tree is an essential source of fodder for camels in the desert.

The tree is classified as “near threatened” by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) due to habitat loss, overgrazing, and other factors. Efforts are underway to promote the conservation and cultivation of Prosopis Cineraria to ensure its survival in the wild.

Here are the common names of the Prosopis Cineraria in various languages:

In English, it’s known as the Ghaf tree, White Prosopis, or Samar tree.
Arabic refers to it as الغاف (Al Ghaf).
In Hindi, it’s called सामर (Samar).
Sanskrit names it शामी (Shami).
Urdu uses سمر (Samar).
Marathi has शामी झाड (Shami Jhad).
Gujarati names it સામર (Samar).
Rajasthani goes by रोझ (Roj).
Punjabi calls it ਸਮਰ (Samar).
Bengali uses সামর (Samar).
Kannada names it ಸಮರ ಮರ (Samar Mara).
Sindhi uses سمر (Samar).

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How to Grow Prosopis Cineraria

With proper care, Prosopis Cineraria can grow into a beautiful and valuable tree, providing shade, food, and habitat for wildlife in arid regions. Here are the steps to grow Prosopis Cineraria from seeds.

  • The first step is to collect seeds from a mature Prosopis Cineraria tree. The seeds can be collected from the pods that develop after the tree has flowered.
  • Soak them in water overnight to soften the hard seed coat, which will help the seed to germinate faster.
  • Plant the seeds about 2-3 cm deep in the soil, spacing them at least 2 meters apart.
  • Water the plants once or twice a week, depending on the weather conditions.
  • Once the seedlings have established themselves, apply a balanced fertilizer every six months to provide essential nutrients to the growing tree.
  • Once the Prosopis Cineraria have matured, prune them regularly and maintain the tree’s desired shape.

Requirements to Grow Prosopis Cineraria

Prosopis Cineraria 2


Prosopis Cineraria requires full sunlight to grow and develop properly. It can tolerate partial shade, but it grows best in indirect sunlight. Keep them in the shade in the afternoon when it is too hot.


The tree grows well in well-drained, alkaline soils with low fertility. It is adaptive to sandy, gravelly, or rocky soils with good drainage.

The soil should be free of salts and should not be waterlogged. If the soil is too heavy or poorly drained, it can cause root rot and other problems.

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It is drought-resistant and can survive in dry conditions. However, it needs regular watering during the first few years after planting to develop a strong root system.

Once mature, it can survive on rainfall alone, but occasional watering during dry periods can help maintain its health and vitality.


The tree can tolerate high temperatures and dry conditions. It is good for hot and arid regions with temperatures up to 28°C.

However, it does not tolerate cold temperatures, which can damage or kill the tree.

Prosopis Cineraria Care


Prosopis Cineraria does not require fertilizer, but it can benefit from occasional applications of a balanced fertilizer.

Apply the fertilizer sparingly, as excessive fertilization can cause the tree to grow too quickly and become weak and susceptible to pests and diseases.


Prune the tree regularly to remove dead or damaged branches and maintain its shape. Pruning can also help promote new growth and improve the overall health of the tree.

The best time to prune the tree is during the winter months when it is dormant.

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Pests & Diseases

Prosopis Cineraria tree faces challenges from a diverse array of pests, including one fungus and five insect species. Among these insects, species of Chrysobothris and Sinoxylon are notable for their ability to burrow into the dead wood, leading to wood rot.

Other troublesome pests encompass Cuscuta reflexa, Caryedon gonagra, Celosterna scabrator, Drosicha stebbingi, Oxyrhachia tarandus, Laccifer lacca, Perisopneumon tamarinda, and Schistocerca gregaria.

Additionally, the tree is vulnerable to damage by browsing animals. Protecting your plants from goats and other browsers is paramount to ensure their healthy growth and survival.

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Advantages of Prosopis Cineraria

  • The tree is adaptive to dry, arid regions and can survive long periods of drought.
  • Prosopis Cineraria has deep roots that help stabilize soil and prevent erosion, making it valuable in desert reclamation and soil conservation projects.
  • The tree is a good carbon sink, absorbing and storing large amounts of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.
  • The wood of Prosopis Cineraria is hard and durable, making it suitable for furniture, construction, and fuelwood use.
  • The tree produces edible pods rich in protein and can be a food source for humans and livestock.
  • The pods, leaves, and bark of the tree have medicinal properties and are useful in traditional medicine to treat various ailments.
  • Prosopis Cineraria provides habitat and food for various wildlife, including birds, mammals, and insects.

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