Pilea Microphylla is a compact specimen that you can grow easily in pots and gardens. Here are all the details!
Pilea Microphylla, also popular as Artillery Plant, belongs to the family Urticaceae. It is really easy to grow and maintain, which makes it perfect for beginners!
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Pilea Microphylla Information
It is a small plant that typically grows up to 12 inches (30 cm) in height and spreads up to 12 inches (30 cm) in width. The leaves of Pilea Microphylla are small, round, and green, with a slightly succulent texture. The leaves are densely packed on the stem, forming a compact, bushy plant.
It is a fast-growing and easy-to-care-for plant that can be grown as a houseplant or in outdoor gardens and prefers bright, indirect light but can also tolerate some direct sunlight. Pilea Microphylla also grows small, inconspicuous flowers that are white or pink.
How to Grow Pilea Microphylla?
You can easily propagate Pilea microphylla by stem cuttings. Take a 5-7 inches long stem cutting from an existing plant and remove the lower leaves. Dip the cut end in rooting hormone and place it in a well-draining soil mix. Keep the soil moist and place the cutting in a brightly lit area.
In a few weeks, roots should start to form.
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Requirements to Grow Pilea Microphylla
Pilea Microphylla prefers bright, indirect light. It can tolerate some direct sunlight, but too much direct sun can damage the leaves. Keep it away from the direct afternoon sun, which can scorch the leaves.
The plant grows best in well-draining, fertile soil. A good potting mix should have a bit of sand and perlite to increase drainage. The pH of the soil should be slightly acidic, between 5.5 and 6.5.
Pilea Microphylla requires moderate watering, and the soil should be kept evenly moist but not soggy. Overwatering can lead to root rot, so it is vital to allow the soil to dry out slightly between watering. Water the plant only when the topsoil feels a little dry to the touch.
They prefer temperatures between 18-32°C. It can tolerate temperatures as low as 50°F (10°C). Avoid exposing the plant to sudden temperature changes, which can cause damage to the leaves.
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Pilea Microphylla Care
The plant benefits from regular fertilization during the growing season with a balanced liquid fertilizer every 4-6 weeks after diluting it to 1/2 of its strength to promote healthy growth. Do not feed the plant in winter.
Pilea Microphylla does not require much pruning. However, if the plant becomes too leggy or unruly, you can pinch back the stems to promote bushier growth. Pinching the branches will also encourage the plant to produce more flowers.
Pests and Diseases
It is relatively pest and disease-resistant. However, it can be susceptible to spider mites and mealybugs, which can be treated with insecticidal soap or neem oil. If you notice any signs of disease or pests, it is important to isolate the plant to prevent the spread to other plants.
Overwatering can lead to root rot and fungal diseases, so be careful not to overwater the plant.
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Advantages of Pilea Microphylla
- Like many plants, Pilea Microphylla helps to improve air quality by absorbing pollutants and toxins from the air, making it a great addition to any indoor space.
- It has a unique and attractive appearance, with small, delicate leaves that grow in clusters. It can be grown in hanging baskets or as a tabletop plant, adding a decorative touch to any room.
- It is a relatively easy plant to care for, making it an excellent choice for beginners or anyone who wants a low-maintenance houseplant.
- Pilea Microphylla is easy to propagate, making it a great choice for anyone who wants to share their plant with friends or start new plants for their collection.
- It is a hardy plant that can tolerate a variety of growing conditions, including low light and dry air. It can also take occasional neglect and still thrive.